along the eastern and western coasts of India. This network will be replaced shortly by 500 new CWDS units that are modern and easy to maintain.
5.1.4 Satellite meteorology is taught as a subject on various training programmes run by IMD, which are also attended by trainees from neighboring countries. ISRO runs the UN-affiliated Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific.
5.1.5 India plans to launch two new satellites called Megha-Tropiques (LEO) and INSAT-3D (GEO). The payloads of these satellites are detailed below.
MADRAS (Microwave Analysis and Detection of Rain and Atmospheric Structures) – a facility for obtaining measurements for precipitation, cloud micro-physics, ocean surface winds, total water vapor and liquid water content of the atmosphere.
SAPHIR – a six-channel millimeter-wave humidity sounder that enables the retrieval of information in six atmospheric layers from the Earth’s surface up to an altitude of 12 km. The horizontal resolution is 10 km.
ScaRaB (Scanner for Radiation Budget) – an Earth radiation budget instrument with four channels at 0.5 – 0.7 μm, 0.2 – 4 μm, 0.2 – 50 μm and 10.5 – 12.5 μm. With a spatial resolution of 40 km, it measures outgoing long-wave and short-wave radiation from the top of the atmosphere.
GPS-ROS (Radio Occultation Sounder) – a GPS receiver used to measure vertical profiles of temperature and humidity at the point of radio occultation
The INSAT-3D satellite will provide vertical profiles of temperature and humidity in addition to the products generated using data from the existing Kalpana-1 and INSAT-3A satellites.
Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), Japan
5.1.6 Mr Tomoo Ohno, Head, System Engineering Division, Meteorological Satellite Center (MSC), JMA delivered a presentation on the websites of JMA (http://www.jma.go.jp/en/gms/) and MSC (http://mscweb.kishou.go.jp/), which provide information on MTSAT operation, real-time image data acquisition, products and training activities. He also highlighted the MSC site’s real- time hourly JPEG files, which provide cropped images showing 15 areas, each with a file size small enough to allow problem-free viewing. MSC plans to add images for other areas in response to user demand. Mr Ohno invited all participants to visit the websites of JMA and MSC to promote the use of these satellite data.
Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA), Republic of Korea
Dr Dohyeong Kim, Senior
Scientist, National Meteorological Satellite Center, KMA delivered multi-purpose geostationary satellite, COMS (Communication,
Ocean and June 2010.
Meteorological Satellite), The first MI visible images
launched in Kourou, French Guiana, at 21:41 UTC on 26 were acquired on 12 July 2010, and the first IR images were
11 August 2010 after a successful outgassing period. start in April 2011. COMS raw data will be transmitted
The COMS MI
data service is
to the National
Satellite Center (NMSC) and and re-transmission to users
the Satellite Operation Center (SOC) via HRIT and LRIT within 15 minutes.
Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (ROSHYDROMET), Russian Federation