Hossam M.Al-Tatari, M.D.
45000 reported annually in US
Only 8000 are venomous
Toxins are species specific
Nuerotoxic: Death results from respiratory suppression
Cytolytic: Death results from hemorrhagic shock, adult respiratory distress syndrome or renal failure.
Antivenins should be administered within <4 hours when indicated and before the presence of any symptoms.
They pose a small but significant risk of immediate hypersensitivity reaction.