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Ethiop. J. Educ. & Sc.                                           Vol. 3 No. 1 September  2007

maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations (GBS, 1992).          

Environmental friendly living must give due considerations to strategies for biodiversity considerations and sustainable use of it .It has the basic principles given in Convention on Biodiversity. It states that “any strategy to slow the loss of biodiversity and to enhance its contributions to development must integrate conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of its components and equitable sharing of benefits at all levels.” Policy makers should proceed cautiously when making interventions in the natural environments so as to safeguard against unexpectedly severe future. It is difficult to predict the future of any component of biodiversity based on current use. It is also impossible to forecast the needs and demands of human beings that might arise, on which are on use to day and those not used. Hence, it will be difficult to underline basic evidence to discard one or another genetic material because there is no means of telling when and which genetic material may be useless. This in turn suggests that genetic multiplicity, covering wide range that exists today must be conserved. From a biological point of view the genetic multiplicity represents the basis for adaptability and improves the chance for survival of the species (Tabel, et al, 1996). Human influences as well as the subsequent deteriorating of living conditions for components of biodiversity (e.g. Tree and shrub species) gives cause for fear that the natural genetic mechanisms will not be sufficiently to counteract the rapid loss in genetic multiplicity successfully (Table et al, 1996). On top of this, genetic multiplicity has to be maintained for economic ethical reasons too. A large genetic multiplicity will be better able to meet demands and

requirements of future generations under possibly changed environmental conditions. Furthermore genetic multiplicity serves as a buffer against biotic and abiotic influences. It is necessity because of the long rotation age.

Genetic multiplicity can be maintained if environmental friendly living is widely practiced by rural communities of the globe who have direct and intimate relation with biodiversity (Werede,1988). The problem of environmental friendly living should be seen in a holistic manner within the overall context of environment and developments, taking into account the multiple uses of biodiversity including the traditional use by communities. Some of the issues to be taken into account include traditional vegetation, soil conservation and other resources conservation practices. The sustainable socio-economic, ecological, cultural and spiritual human needs for present and future generations require indigenous people’s participation of each community and benefit sharing. Its role is to enhance the understanding of sustainable conservation issues and improve communication. It also helps in consensus building, negotiation and conflict resolution to achieve the goal of sustainable conservation and development.

 3.1. Future Trends of Environmental Friendly Living and Indigenous Knowledge

In order to benefit continuously from natures blessings, man must of necessity preserve the indigenous knowledge and conserve the biodiversity form which he derive his livelihood. Indigenous cultures have a history of ecologically sound relationship between man and the environment (Kafi Tsekpo, 1993). Various African traditions have developed valuable cultural attributes in the form of religious beliefs, myths and taboos that serve to

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