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Ethiop. J. Educ. & Sc.                                           Vol. 3 No. 1 September  2007

each other and for the future generation…”. The principle of sustainable development is conserving resources so that the adults of tomorrow are able to benefit from them (Bagine et al, 1997; Huff, 2002).


Sustainable management of biodiversity should not be restricted upon the socio-economic status of affected communities. It should go beyond this level. Level of knowledge is not sufficiently documented and the indigenous knowledge base important for biodiversity survival remains undocumented and relatively unknown. Therefore, communities and their domestic biodiversity and wild diversity have lived side by side with wildlife and have used these resources in a sustainable manner following traditional methods when their numbers were low. But this is not the case today in most places due to population explosion and dynamic nature change in socio- economic development and change in technology threatening the biodiversity at all levels. The current low level of information exchange between countries, and between institutions resulted in duplication of efforts.

Conservation programs should take into account socio- cultural issues and economic wellbeing of the communities particularly in health, education, nutrition, financial benefits accruing from conservation, etc and should seek partnership with grassroots community groups and organizations, community participation in all aspects of research and development projects. Relevant institutions should mount interdisciplinary research; undertake documentation of IK (indigenous knowledge) packages. Relevant institutions, communities and market organizations, should develop appropriate technologies and methodologies for sustainable harvesting

of biodiversity products such as non wood forest products, gums, herbal medicines, sand, etc through community participatory approaches. Modern conservation programs should incorporate traditional resources management techniques and promote the co-existence of people and wildlife scrutinize present polices on community rights, intellectual property rights and security of access to the resources bases (IBCRa, 2001).  In the last ten years world communities have made considerable progress along the road towards sustainable development. This applies to the fight against hunger and poverty as well as to the prudent use of available resources for energy and drinking water. Therefore, agriculture has to feed more and more people using less and less land. This can be achieved by sustainable farming strategies using environmental technologies and inputs.  If they are to catch up economically in a relatively climate friendly way, the industrialized counties will have to cut their natural economic and financial resources are not over exploited at the expense of future generations. Awareness is growing even if very slowly, that the development of one country at the expense of others will not be able to continue for ever. Responsibility for protecting the environment for equitable distribution of goods and for sustainable policy is not only a matter for government. Consumers are also an important element in the implementation of a sustainable strategy. Achieving sustainable on global scale will only become possible by ensuring basic level of education.


Therefore, agriculture has to feed more and more people using less and less land to lessen the threat on biodiversity thereby

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