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4.3. Ethics

The potential participants were given assurance that all efforts would be made to protect their identity and that they could withdraw at any time without question. These points were included in the information sheet and verbally repeated in the consent process. The fact that the group would determine the direction of the research (action research) was also outlined in this sheet. Information given as part of the individual interviews and group activities would be kept confidential to the researcher and supervisors. Data gathered from the group process would also be confidential to the group.

The consent form (see Appendix 5) addressed the explanation of the research project and issues of withdrawal and confidentiality. As part of the consent process, the CNLs were given an opportunity to consider information relevant to the project (see Appendix 4: Information Sheet). The consent form noted that there would be an opportunity for questions about the research and that these would be answered to the satisfaction of the potential participant. The participants could withdraw at any point without having to give reasons. The content of the research material would be treated confidentially and every effort would be made to protect any identification that may arise from the data. The form included that the data the participant would provide would not be used for any other purpose than as a thesis or in related publications and presentations and that the data would not be released to others without written consent. It was also noted that the participants would check transcripts or meeting notes before the follow up meetings. At the time of consent the participant would agree to abide by ground rules as determined by the group. Finally, as part of the application for ethical approval to Victoria University of Wellington Human Ethics Committee, a statement was included that if, during the course of the project any third party is named every effort would be made to protect the identity of that individual.

4.4. Rigour

Koch and Kralik (2006) suggest the rigour of an action research project is related to the author’s worldview, the credibility and dependability of the inquiry, the transferability of


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