listened to and transcribed by myself. The CNLs were each given the opportunity to read their transcripts and make changes or comments. None of the transcripts required changing.
Analysis of the Interview Data
Following completion of these interviews a manual thematic analysis of the interview data was carried out by me. The style of analysis used was informed by the writings of Sandelowski (1993) and Tesch (1990). Sandelowski advises in undertaking such analysis that the researcher should aim to create a picture of what is happening.
A representation in the same sense that an artist can, with a few strokes of the pen create an image of a face that we would recognize if we saw the original in the crowd. The details are lacking, but a good reduction not only selects and emphasizes the essential features, it retains the vividness of the personality in the rendition of the face. (p. 3)
Tesch (1990) also uses an analogy with art, and compares the analysis and interpretation of qualitative data to that of an artist in motion. If two researchers are assigned the same qualitative exercise they will most certainly produce different results. Sandelowski (1993) argues searching for similar detail may actually disrupt the quest for capturing the essence. There is, they agree, no one exact way to draw a face. The duty for nursing, Sandelowski suggests, is to find ways to capture and present these reductions or, in this case, a thematic analysis of the interview data to move towards fuller knowledge. The thematic analysis process used in this research allowed me to craft the essence of the interviews, and provide a representation or illustration of the data that the group could recognise.
Commencing in chronological order of interviews, therefore first interview carried out being one and so on, I read the typed transcript. As I did, I assigned a colour, letter or a symbol to each new theme I interpreted and classified as new. This initial thematic analysis was carried out in one complete session. This type of manual thematic analysis is generally thought to be a process which entails reading and re-reading, having the objective or question central focus through this process and coding in some fashion a word or words