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Meet the Masters

Grade Five

ARTIST: PRINT:

O'KEEFFE, GEORGIA (1887 - 1986)

RANCHOS CHURCH PHILLIPS COLLECTION WASHINGTON, D.C.

20th Century American Date: 1929 Size: 24” x 36” Medium: Oil on canvas-covered board

ARTIST - Among the women painters in the U.S., one of the best known and most outstanding is Georgia O'Keeffe. Born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin, she spent her childhood on a large farm and never lost her love for nature and the land. Her gifts as an artist were clear early in her life, and she knew she wanted to become an artist when she was 10 years old. She studied at the Chicago Art Institute and Art Students' League in New York. She worked as a commercial artist in Chicago, and as an art teacher in Texas and South Carolina.

Georgia O'Keeffe had her first one-person show in New York City in 1917. A famous photo- grapher, Alfred Stieglitz, saw her work, recognized her talent, and decided to show her art in his '291 Gallery'. O'Keeffe married Stieglitz in 1924. Afterwards, she lived half of the year in New York City with her husband. The rest of the year she spent in New Mexico painting the countryside that she loved so much.

PRINT - O'Keeffe's love of the land is clearly expressed in her paintings. She always got her forms from the real world. In Ranchos Church, Georgia O'Keeffe combines abstraction with a very precise realism. She simplifies her forms and does away with surface detail to bring out the underlying patterns. Her work is always based on some visual reality such as these adobe (sun- dried brick) buildings of the Southwest. She has kept this painting very simple. Her colors are limited to different shades of blues, grays and tans. Even though she has left out details such as doors and windows, the forms still suggest a church-like building. Even though some of the shapes are painted in a flattened-out manner, the painting has depth due to her use of shading.

PORTFOLIO B PAIRED WITH:

ANONYMOUS MISSISSIPPI HOME O’KEEFFE YELLOW CACTUS

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