Bushway, Shawn D. 1996. “Labor Market Effects of Permitting Employer Access to Criminal History Records,” Working Paper, University of Maryland.
Grogger, Jeffrey. 1995. “The Effect of Arrests on the Employment and Earnings of Young Men,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110(1): 51-71.
Hahn, J.M. 1991. “Pre-Employment Information Services: Employers Beware,” Employee Relations Law Journal, 17(1): 45-69.
Holzer, Harry J. 1996. What Employers Want: Job Prospects for Less-Educated Workers. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Holzer, Harry J., Steven Raphael, and Michael A. Stoll. Forthcoming. “Will Employers Hire Ex- Offenders? Employer Perceptions, Background Checks, and Their Determinants,” in Mary Patillo-McCoy, David Weiman and Bruce Western, (eds.), The Impact of Incarceration on Families and Communities, New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
Holzer, Harry J., Steven Raphael, and Michael A. Stoll. 2002a. “How Do Crime and Incarceration Affect the Employment Prospects of Less-Educated Young Black Men?” Paper prepared for the Extending Opportunities Conference, Washington, DC, May 2002.
Holzer, Harry J., Steven Raphael, and Michael A. Stoll. 2002b. “Perceived Criminality, Background Checks, and the Racial Hiring Practices of Employers?” Discussion Paper #1254-02, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin.
Holzer, Harry J., and Michael A. Stoll. 2001. Employers and Welfare Recipients: The Effects of Welfare Reform in the Workplace, San Francisco, CA: Public Policy Institute of California.
Kling, Jeffrey. 1999. “The Effect of Prison Sentence Length on the Subsequent Employment and Earnings of Criminal Defendants,” Woodrow Wilson School – Economics Discussion Paper 208, February, Princeton University.
Kling, Jeffrey; David Weiman and Bruce Western. 2000. “The Labor Market Consequences of Mass Incarceration.” Presented at the Urban Institute Reentry Roundtable, October.
Los Angeles Times. 2001. “States Economic Strength Has Shifted to the Southland,” Sec. C, Business, April 10, pp. 1.
New York Times. 2001. “Flood of Ex-Convicts Finds Job Market Tight,” pp. 1.
Pager, Devah. 2002. “The Mark of a Criminal Record,” Paper presented at the American Sociology Association Conference, Chicago, Ill, August 2002.
Travis, Jeremy; Amy Solomon and Michelle Waul. 2001. From Prison to Home: The Dimensions and Consequences of Prisoner Reentry. Washington D. C.: Urban Institute Press.