DEMAND - The rate at which electric energy is delivered to or by a system, part of a system, or a piece of equipment expressed in kilowatts, kilovolt-amperes, or other suitable unit at a given instant or averaged
over any designated period of time. of the customers. See LOAD.
The primary source of "Demand" is the power-consuming equipment
Annual Maximum - The greatest of all demands of the load under consideration which occurred during a prescribed demand interval in a calendar year.
Annual System Maximum - The greatest demand on an electric system during a prescribed demand interval in a calendar year.
Average - The demand on, or the power output of, an electric system or any of its parts over any interval of time, as determined by dividing the total number of kilowatt-hours by the number of units of time in the interval.
Billing - The demand upon which billing to a customer is based, as specified in a rate schedule or contract. It may be based on the contract year, a contract minimum, or a previous maximum and, therefore, does not necessarily coincide with the actual measured demand of the billing period.
Coincident - The sum of two or more demands which occur in the same demand interval.
Instantaneous Peak - The maximum demand at the instant of greatest load, usually determined from the readings of indicating or graphic meters.
Integrated - The demand usually determined by an integrating demand meter or by the integration of a load curve. It is the summation of the continuously varying instantaneous demands during a specified demand interval.
Maximum - The greatest of all demands of the load under consideration which has occurred during a specified period of time.
Noncoincident - The sum of two or more individual demands which do not occur in the same demand interval. Meaningful only when considering demands within a limited period of time, such as a day, week, month, a heating or cooling season, and usually not for more than one year.
ELECTRIC UTILITY INDUSTRY OR ELECTRIC UTILITIES - All enterprises engaged in the production and/or distribution of electricity for use by the public, including investor-owned electric utility companies; cooperatively-owned electric utilities; government-owned electric utilities (municipal systems, federal agencies, state projects, and public power districts); and, where the data are not separable, those industrial plants
contributing to the public supply.
ENERGY, ELECTRIC - As commonly used in the electric utility industry
, electric energy means
FUEL COSTS (MOST COMMONLY USED BY ELECTRIC UTILITY COMPANIES)
Cents per Million BTU Consumed - Since coal is purchased on the basis of its heat content, its cost is measured by computing the "cents per million BTU" of the fuel consumed. It is the total cost of fuel consumed divided by its total BTU content, and the answer is divided by one million.
Coal - Average cost per (short) ton (dollars per ton) - includes bituminous and anthracite coal and relatively small amounts of coke, lignite, and wood.
Gas - Average cost per MCF (cents per thousand cubic feet) - includes natural, manufactured, mixed, and waste gas. Frequently expressed as cost per therm (100,000 BTU).