China Gas Report
Basic study on combustible ice starts in China
According to a report from the Ministry of Land and Resources’ Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey, the Enrichment Regularity and Exploitation of Combustible Ice in South China Sea major science project has been approved by the 973 Project (national development project on key basic research), signaling the overall research start of substitute energy combustible ice.
e combustible ice is usually called ‘gas hydrate’. It is acknowledged the best alternative energy in the 21st century, with great potential to explore and utilize.
is project is authorized by the Ministry of Land and Resources, carried out by China Geological Survey.
Many advanced organizations on combustible ice, oil, geology and industries are organized to participate in this project, including the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China University of Geosciences, China University of Petroleum and the CNOOC’s oil study center. The project will start in January, 2009.
Renewable energy fast developing in China
China’s total investment in renewable energy projects has reached $12 billion in 2007, ranking second in the world, according to information from the second China (Tai Yuan) International Coal & Energy New Industry Expo.
Shi Dinghuan, chairman of the Chinese Renewable Energy Society, said that the country’s renewable consumption reached 220 million tons of standard coal last year, accounting for 8.5 percent of the total.
Data shows that the newly-installed capacity of small hydropower plants has exceeded that of large-sized ones in 2006. Total hydropower
capacity amounted to 145 million kilowatts in 2007.
China is promoting its wind power industry at present. The total newly-installed wind power capacity in 2006 reached 1.33 million kilowatts, exceeding the total amounts in the previous 20 years. The newly-added capacity in 2007 was about 3.4 million kilowatts, with the total surpassing 6 million kilowatts, overfulfilling the goal of 2010 three years in advance.
Meanwhile, in 2007, the biomass power generation was 2 million kilowatts and methane-generation pits provided 80 million Chinese
farmers with clean energy, with 1,500 large-sized ethane pits that produce more than 1 billion cubic meters each year.
In addition, the solar photovoltaic generation developed fast and generated about 2,000 MW in 2006.
According to the Mid- and Long- term Development Program for Renewable Energy in China, the renewable power will take up 15 percent of total energy consumption by 2020. e goal indicates that the installed capacity of hydro power could be 300 million kilowatts and 30 million kilowatts of wind power respectively.
Renewable energy to replace coaloil and gas by 2050
China’s renewable energy will replace coal, oil and gas to fulfill 43 percent energy need by 2050, said Huang Qili, academician of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said on September 18 this
year at an energy seminar. Renewable energy will be one of the alternative and main resources by then in stead of supplemental energy now.