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sources within SRF will most likely be utilized.  In cooperation with USF&WS, several potential sources for gravel have been identified within the KNWR.   The reuse of gravel from former production pads within the Swanson River Field cannot be undertaken until existing wells have been abandoned and the gravel reclaimed.   Sampling protocols and cleanup standards for the gravel will have to be established that are satisfactory to all oversight agencies.  It is unlikely that this process will be completed prior to the start of project construction.  Partners will consider gravel reuse as the reclamation process is established and gravel is made available during the life of the project.

Each satellite development will require installation of a 4- to 10- inch pipeline, which will tie to existing pipeline infrastructure at the SRF.  Production facilities at each pad may include small buildings or skid mounted units housing: a heater separator, a glycol dehydrator, a methanol system, natural gas-fueled generator, and an electrical/control system.  

Upon cessation of production operations, all production facilities and roads will be removed, wells will be abandoned in accordance with state and federal regulations, and surface sites will be restored.

Field studies to support preparation of an EIS covering the project area began in spring 2000 and were completed fall 2001.  No construction, development, drilling or production activities are anticipated until 2003.  Rights-of-way will be altered as necessary pending the findings of the Final EIS.


Surface resources in the East SRS are owned by the Federal government and managed by the USF&WS as part of the KNWR.  The subsurface oil, gas, and coal mineral estate is owned by CIRI, an Alaska Native Regional Corporation established under ANCSA.  

Ownership of surface resources in the North SRS is mixed. Federally–owned surface lands (KNWR) occur within T. 8N, R. 9W, Seward Meridian. Within T. 9N, R 9W, Seward Meridian, the surface estate has been conveyed to Tyonek Native Corporation (TNC).  The entire subsurface estate within the two oil and gas units, SRF and BHU are owned by the Federal government.  Outside the SRF and BHU, CIRI has title to over 150,000 acres of the coal, oil and gas resources within the KNWR.

All gravel resources within the project area are owned by the Federal government. CIRI has the rights to use the gravel for the development of its minerals. Under Title XI, Section 110(b) and 43 CFR 36.10, both TNC and CIRI are entitled to adequate and feasible access to their valid inholdings for economic and other purposes, subject to reasonable regulations necessary to protect the natural and other values of the refuge.

Permits and Approvals

In addition to the Right-of-Way and Material Sale Contract from USF&WS, a Section 404 permit from the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Land Management Notice

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