The South Africa 2010 Bid Book (2003: 10) states:
The training ground upgrade programme forms a crucial part of the overall strategy to leave a lasting legacy. SAFA (South African Football Association) is firmly resolved to provide facilities that meet every FIFA requirement and, when the tournament is over, continue to have a positive relevant impact on local communities for decades to come.
Athlone Stadium is a case in point. The construction of training venues to promote sport and development in disadvantaged communities are seen as key legacy, long-term outcomes emanating from the 2010 World Cup.
BACKGROUND TO CASE STUDIES AND METHODOLOGY
The background information for Athlone and Green Point is summarised below. The information is derived from Bayette Development Consulting’s study (2006) which evaluated competition venues in Cape Town that had the potential capacity to host 2010 matches. The study was limited to a 2km radius around the stadia. Athlone is located approximately 10km from the City centre towards the East of central Cape Town. The designated area for the study comprised of 4 wards with a population of 128 484. It is a historically coloured residential area and the unemployment rate is 18% with a 22% poverty rate. Green Point is a historically white residential area located in close proximity to the City centre. The designated area under study has 2 wards with a population of 63 473, almost half the population size of Athlone. The unemployment rate is 6% and the poverty rate is 12%. Green Point is a relatively better-off residential community in comparison to Athlone.
After considerable debate (see Swart and Bob, forthcoming) Green Point Stadium, an existing multi-purpose 60 000-seater stadium situated in close proximity to Cape Town’s (and South Africa’s) most popular tourist attraction, the Victoria and Alfred Waterfront was identified as the competition venue. Athlone stadium was identified as a Western Cape 2010 Legacy Project which will be used to host international warm-up matches.
Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 200 households, 100 each in Athlone and Green Point during December 2005. The survey instrument was based on Fredline and Faulkner’s (2002) questionnaire and questions were modified and included to suit the South African context. A spatially-based random sampling approach was used in both the communities. Households within a 1 km radius from the venue precinct were the target of this research endeavour. The intention was to focus on the views and concerns of residents living in close proximity to the stadium venues under discussion. A list was compiled of all households within the identified and demarcated 1 km zone. A random table was then used to select 100 households in each area. If a chosen household was not available or declined to participate in this study, fieldworkers interviewed a neighbouring household.
Demographic background of respondents
The majority of the respondents in both Athlone (76%) and Green Point (73%) were male. In many cases, fieldworkers reported that when household members present were informed that the survey was related to the 2010 FIFA World Cup and stadia, it was generally the male head of