the household who participated. This tendency for adult males to respond to the survey may be indicative of sport in general and football in particular being seen as male-dominant.
The average ages of the respondents were 38.4 years in Athlone and 35.4 years in Green Point. The majority of the respondents in both areas were in the 21-30 (21% in Athlone and 38% in Green Point), 31-40 (28% in Athlone and 27% in Green Point) and 41-50 (15% in Athlone and 17% in Green Point) years age categories.
Table 1 illustrates that in terms of the historical racial categories of the respondents, in Athlone the majority of the respondents were coloureds (85%) followed by Indians (10%) and Africans (5%). In Green Point the majority of the respondents were whites (46%) followed by Africans (33%), coloureds (20%) and there was one Indian respondent. The dominance of coloureds in Athlone and whites in Green Point reflects that historical context of the Group Areas Act that designated racial residential neighbourhoods during the apartheid era in South Africa.
Table 1: Historical racial category of respondent (in %)
Green Point (n=100)
The results indicate that more households in Athlone are established in the area since the majority of the respondents have lived in Athlone for 16-20 years (21%) and more than 20 years (44%). In Green Point the majority of the respondents have lived in the area for less than 5 years (36%) and 6-10 years (24%).
The non-whites who reside in Green Point are generally from middle and upper income backgrounds who have moved into the area in the last ten years. The higher socio-economic status of Green Point in comparison to Athlone is also reflected in the relatively higher educational levels among Green Point respondents. The majority of respondents in Athlone indicated primary completed (29%), secondary completed (36%), certificate/ diploma (17%) and undergraduate degree (11%). In Green Point, the majority of the respondents indicated secondary completed (33%), certificate/ diploma (19%), undergraduate degree (23%) and postgraduate degree (13%).
As indicated earlier, Athlone is a lower-income residential neighbourhood as compared to Green Point. More respondents stated that they were unemployed in Athlone (16%) than in Green Point (7%). Additionally, more respondents in Green Point than Athlone indicated that they were administrators/ managers (17% and 7%, respectively), salespersons (16% and 12%, respectively) and professionals (12% and 6%, respectively).
Interest in football
The responses illustrate that there is a significant support of football in both the communities under study. The figure below illustrates that slightly more respondents in Athlone (68%) watch football matches as compared to Green Point (64%). Additionally, more respondents in Athlone (69%) intend to attend 2010 football matches than in Green Point (54%). It is interesting to note