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James Humble

problematical. I now write with reference to the new colony, to say that I think that it would be more than imprudent for them to be sent out here until things are more settled. The possibility of their arrival is most uncertain; there is no communication through the French frontier ... therefore a delay of a month or so cannot make great difference."

(The letter goes on to criticise bitterly the biased manner in which the BBC was reporting events in Spain and to insist that the war would be over and the nationalists victorious in a matter of a month, or six weeks at the most. "Do not think me too optimistic; here, on the spot, we know what is taking place and has occurred.")

"Valladolid is quite quiet and almost normal, though like everywhere else we have had some wild times. The National Rising began on July 18th and during the two days there was much street fighting but by Tuesday 21st the city was mastered and there has been no interior trouble since. The majority of the "red" leaders were taken and shot, and any possible organised resistance made hopeless. This applies not only to the city but to the entire province. We have been bombed half a dozen times by aeroplanes but, though unfortunately there were some casualties, about 10 altogether, no great damage was done. No bombs fell anywhere near us. The general enthusiasm and patriotism is indescribable. The markets and general food supplies are usual, there is no shortage of any kind, and prices are kept unaltered. Even fresh fish from Corunna and other fishing ports is abundant. There is the usual evening "paseo" in the Campo Grande with the military band playing from 9 p. m. till 12. If it were not for the military precautions taken and the number of soldiers in the streets, it would be difficult to realise a state of war exists. The danger is not being in Valladolid but in getting to it...

"I am rather concerned about the financial side of things; we depend absolutely upon our monthly remittance from Madrid...

"Your Lordship may assure the other Bishops that there is no reason for alarm for the College or its inmates, unless the situation changes, which we have every motive for believing now almost an imp~ssibility."~

Of course. the war lasted a great deal longer than a month or six weeks and, in addition to the fact that, for its whole duration, the college received no remittance from Madrid, Humble could not even discover for many months whether the building had sustained any damage by shelling or air raids. A t the outbreak of war, he had about £1,700 in a Valladolid bank and, by dint of careful economising, this was sufficient to support the community during the scholastic year, 1936-37. The seminary did not open that year and so all the

2. 24th August 1936. (Glasgow archives, loc. cit.)

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