“Coal” means all solid fuels classified as anthracite, bituminous, sub- bituminous, or lignite by the American Society for Testing and Materials Designation ASTM D388–05 “Standard Classification of Coals by Rank.”
“Coal-derived fuel” means any fuel, whether in a solid, liquid, or gaseous state, produced by the mechanical, thermal, or chemical processing of coal (e.g., pulverized coal, coal refuse, liquefied or gasified coal, washed coal, chemically cleaned coal, coal-oil mixtures, and coal-derived coke).
“Cogeneration facility” means an industrial structure, installation, plant, building, or self-generation facility, which may include one or more cogeneration systems configured as either a topping cycle or bottoming cycle plant.
“Cogeneration system” means individual cogeneration components including the prime mover (heat engine), generator, heat recovery, and electrical interconnection, configured into an integrated system that provides sequential generation of multiple forms of useful energy (usually mechanical and thermal), at least one form of which the facility consumes on-site or makes available to other users for an end-use other than electricity generation.
“Coke (petroleum)” means a solid residue consisting mainly of carbon which results from the cracking of petroleum hydrocarbons in processes such as coking and fluid coking. This includes catalyst coke deposited on a catalyst during the refining process which must be burned off in order to regenerate the catalyst.
“Coke burn-off” means coke removal from the surface of a catalyst by combustion during catalyst regeneration.
“Combustion emissions” means greenhouse gas emissions occurring during the exothermic reaction of a fuel with oxygen.
“Combustion source” means a source of combustion emissions.
“Conflict of interest” means a situation in which, because of financial or other activities or relationships with other persons or organizations, a person or body is unable or potentially unable to render an impartial verification opinion of a potential client’s greenhouse gas emissions, or the person or body’s objectivity in performing verification services is or might be otherwise compromised.
“Continuous emissions monitoring system” or “CEMS” means the total equipment required to obtain a continuous measurement of a gas concentration or emission rate from combustion or industrial processes.