Nearly all of the controlled research on effectiveness has been conducted in outpatient clinics and community mental health centers, beginning treatment in several studies during an inpatient hospital stay. The multifamily group model was developed in a partial hospital in the South Bronx of New York City. The extent to which family psychoeducation can be successfully adapted to other types of provider agencies is not known. Ranz and colleagues developed an adaptation for application in community residences, with or without family participation, that appeared to alleviate stresses within the residences and improved outcomes, but a rigorous trial of this approach has not been completed (36).
Falloon IRH, Pederson J: Family management in the prevention of morbidity of schizophrenia: The adjustment of the family unit. British Journal Psychiatry 147:156-163, 1985.
Hogarty GE, Anderson CM, Reiss DJ, et al.: Family psychoeducation, social skills training, and maintenance chemotherapy in the aftercare treatment of schizophrenia, II: Two-year effects of a controlled study on relapse and adjustment. Archives of General Psychiatry 48:340-347, 1991.
Falloon IRH: Family Management of Mental Illness: A Study of Clinical, Social and Family Benefits. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.
Linszen D, Dingemans P, Van der Does JW, et al.: Treatment, expressed emotion and relapse in recent onset schizophrenic disorders. Psychological Medicine 26:333-42,
Telles C, Karno M, Mintz J, et al.: Immigrant families coping with schizophrenia Behavioral family intervention v case management with a low-income Spanish-speaking population. British Journal of Psychiatry 167:473-9, 1995.
Miklowitz D, Simoneau T, George E, et al.: Family-focused treatment of bipolar disorder: One-year effects of a psychoeducational program in conjunction with pharmacotherapy. Biological Psychiatry 48:582-592, 2000.
Moltz D: Bipolar disorder and the family: An integrative model. Family Process 32:409- 423, 1993.
Keitner GI, Drury LW, Ryan CE, et al.: Multifamily group treatment for major depressive disorder in The Multifamily Group. Edited by McFarlane WR. New York, Guilford Press, 2002.
Berkowitz CB, Gunderson JG: Multifamily psychoeducational treatment of borderline personality disorder in Multifamily groups in the treatment of severe psychiatric disorders. Edited by McFarlane WR. Nerw York, Guilford Press, 2002.
Van Noppen B: Multi-family behavioral treatment (MFBT) for OCD. Crisis Intervention And Time-Limited Treatment 5:3-24, 1999.
McFarlane WR: Multifamily Groups in the Treatment of Severe Psychiatric Disorders. New York, Guilford Press, 2002.
McFarlane WR, Lukens E, Link B, et al.: Multiple-family groups and psychoeducation in the treatment of schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 52:679-87, 1995.
McFarlane WR: Empirical studies of outcome in multifamily groups in Multifamily Groups in the Treatment of Severe Psychiatric Disorders. Edited by McFarlane WR. New York, Guilford Press, 2002.
Leff J, Kuipers L, Berkowitz R, et al.: A controlled trial of social intervention in the families of schizophrenic patients: Two year follow-up. British Journal of Psychiatry 146:594-600, 1985.
Leff J, Berkowitz R, Shavit N, et al.: A trial of family therapy versus a relatives’ group for schizophrenia Two-year follow-up. British Journal of Psychiatry 157:571-7, 1990.
Family Psychoeducation Toolkit