1. Vocational and Technical High Schools
In vocational and technical education period, it is aimed to develop the abilities to obtain solid knowledge, to adapt to non-predictable situations, to search, select and utilize useful information. Thus vocational and technical education is offered in two directions: "theoretical" and "practical".
Pupils completing their basic education may attend these schools. The aim, scope, duration and other attributes of the practical and theoretical educational programs are determined in accordance with the vocational standards.
Vocational education begins with the implementation of a broad-based common program regardless of the fields. This period is planned as introduction, preparation and orientation.
At the end of the vocational education period, the pupil is awarded both a diploma in vocational field and a "Level III Certificate" in his chosen branch.
Vocational and technical school graduates have also the capability of acquiring methodological abilities and skills in analyzing and solving problems, and to develop the abilities of co-operation, creativity, self-confidence and successful undertaking of various roles in their life. Vocational and technical education offers a wide spectrum of specializations in various sectors of economic activity, which respond to developing needs of the country's economy.
Field and branch education is taken as basis in terms of programs
At the end of the vocational education period, the pupil is awarded a diploma in the field that he graduated from and a Level III Certificate in his chosen branch as well. Professions are internationally classified from 1 to 7. The 1st, 2nd and the 3rd levels are applied to vocational secondary education; the 4th and 5th levels to the vocational institution of higher education and the 6th and 7th levels to university.
A pupil who has left the system is awarded a Level I or II Certificate in line with his proficiency.
Depending on the principle of lifelong learning for the individuals at all ages and all levels, modular programs implemented in formal and vocational and technical education institutions are implemented in informal education institutions as well. Common modules are used for diploma and certificate programs.
In vocational and technical education, it is given priority to practical studies and learning by doing. Practical studies are performed not only in school settings, in workshops and laboratories or not only through limited working experience for a certain time but also in industry, and in real workplaces (at work); so that vocational education can be offered through current equipment and methods and it can be effective and productive. To serve this aim, cooperation between the vocational institutions and employers is established and their contributions and participation are encouraged.
During the implementation of the programs, it is also given importance to on-the job training. Appropriate environments are provided for teachers to follow professional innovations, changes and improvements related to labor force requirements thus preparing themselves for the new situations. On the job training (in-service training) helps teachers develop themselves and enjoy their job.