Teaching Methods and Techniques
The steps to be followed in the implementation of the teaching methods and techniques within the new system are stated below:
1. The methods and techniques to be used by teachers are compatible with the pupil-centered education. The teacher doesn't load the pupil with knowledge; he orients the pupil toward learning instead. He helps the pupil create his own learning structures and new meanings in relation to problems, concepts and topics. He creates environments for pupils to learn not through competitive and isolating activities but in cooperative groups. He creates learning activities considering the pupils' various needs, Teachers are constantly trained in order to make use of methods in accordance with the pupil-centered education. Within the understanding of pupil-centered learning, the following recommended methods are used:
Play Method Experiment Method Experience Method Collective Method Discovery Method Trip, Observation and Research Method Project Method Problem Method Psychodrama Method Irony Method Demonstration Method Cooperative Method Question-Answer Method Investigation Method Discussion Method
Apart from the above listed methods, there also other methods such as think-match-share method, writing short essays, brain-storming. Such activities ensuring the pupil to participate in learning activities and to think about what he has done, activate the pupil's mental process.
The teacher using these methods reaches to the position to orient the pupil toward learning rather than to load him with knowledge. He helps the pupil create his own learning structures and new meanings in relation to problems, concepts and topics.