1 – APRIL
The Lebanese Conflict
By Dr. Mark Boukzam
Born in Beirut Lebanon in 1952, and went to Bulgaria in 1975 and graduated from its dental college in 1982 with a degree in Stomatology and continued his dental studies in the USA from 1982 till 1985 and earned the degree of DMD becoming the first dentist ever that graduated from Bulgaria to earn his American degree. Married to Soha Boughannam and have three kids Natalie 20 years, Ryan 16 years & Andrew 14 years. They live in Delray Beach, Florida, and has a dental practice in Deerfield Beach. Active in the ADS since 1984. Served as board member for the ADS 1998-2002 and also as Vice President 2002-2004. Loves Druze history & proud to be a Druze.
In order to look at the pre- sent with an open mind, we need to look back at our past, specifically at the significant events that took place between 1919- 1920—the point in time in which French Colonialism implemented a political system upon Lebanese soil that was based entirely on religious federal union.
gious groups within Lebanon makes a majority on its own, forming some kind of alliance with foreign countries in regards to implementing particular agendas has been commonly prac- ticed by various groups, above all during the infamous time junctures of 1958,1975, and 1999. Thus, the po- litical system instilled by the French has never offered equality, prosper- ity, nor stability to the country.
religious teachings and find what is common among one another, and put aside their differences, in order to find what is unifying among their countrymen.
They need to elect their political leaders based on political affiliations and not religious bias.
Lebanon today needs to revolu- tionize itself by joining the ranks of nations that believe in Democracy and the preservation of human rights; a system that respects the rights of all of its people, which offers equal opportunities and demands equal contributions for each and every sin- gle citizen.
Composed of various religions and sects who preserved all their dif- ferences and aspirations, the whole political system was unmistakably based on an unfair union. As a result, the natural political progress within the country came to a halt and segre- gation among the Lebanese took deeper roots, manifesting itself on all aspects of life—economical, political, and social.
Since none of the multiple reli-
he Leba- nese people need to build a country that is secu- lar, built on con- structive dia- logue and mutual understandings based on progressive social principles. In order to even dare to attempt this, the Lebanese need to reach into each of their own T
Even though the Druze at one time governed Lebanon for hundreds of years on their own terms, their control of the country was gradually lost. Through and through, they yet still look to be an active member in the Lebanese equation. Their role always has been based on their solid doctrine of Al-Tawhid (Unitarianism), giving their love and loyalty to their country, unconditionally.
They accepted their destiny and will always be a fair partner in the country that was once called “bilad al-dourouz”.
AL FAJER - THE DAWN - DRUZE INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINE
The Lebanese Conflict