17th. We went on and operated off of Cape Verde Islands for approximately two weeks, operating continuously day and night and finally we were running short of fuel and had to head for Casablanca. But on the way to Casablanca we decided to run searches for a U-boat reported by Cominch [Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet] to be home bound off the west coast of Africa….
Question to Consider
Explain in detail how Captain Gallery got the idea to actually capture a U-boat in tact.
Attacking the U-505
“Supporting USS Guadalcanal in Hunter-Killer Task Group 22.3 were five destroyer escorts:
USS CHATELAIN (DE-149) USS FLAHERTY (DE-135) USS JENKS (DE-665) USS PILLSBURY (DE-133) USS POPE (DE-134)
Destroyer escorts were lighter, smaller, faster and more maneuverable than conventional, heavily armored destroyers—perfect for hunting and attacking the elusive U-boats. Each "Tin Can", as U.S. sailors fondly called them, was equipped with radar to locate surfaced U-boats. Submerged U-boats could be detected using sonar and hydrophones.
Destroyer escorts had guns and torpedoes for attacking surfaced U-boats, small hedgehog bombs that exploded when they hit submerged U-boats, and powerful underwater depth charges that could be set to explode at specific depths. U-boat captains did everything in their power to avoid the destroyer escorts.”
“On June 4, 1944 at 11:10am, the USS Chatelain reported a sonar contact and the Task Group jumped into action. The USS Guadalcanal could not attack without damaging itself so Captain Gallery moved the ship quickly out of harms way. Supported by the Destroyer Escorts USS Pillsbury and USS Jenks, the USS Chatelain swiftly attacked.
As the sonar crew maintained contact with the submerged U-505, the USS Chatelain attacked with a salvo of 24 hedgehogs that missed. While the USS Chatelain opened the range to turn and make another attack, two fighter planes from the USS Guadalcanal fired their guns into the water to help mark the location of the submerged U-505. The USS Chatelain then fired a pattern of 14 depth charges forcing U-505 to the surface.”