securitization or securitized — The process through which automobile contracts and other receivables are accumu- lated or pooled and sold to a trust which issues securities representing interests in the trust to investors.
servicing portfolio — All of the automobile contracts that we own and that we have sold in securitizations and into our warehouse credit facilities and service in connection with the Seawest securitizations and, in each case, continue to service.
special purpose entities — Our subsidiaries that were formed for the specific purpose of securitizing our automo- bile contract receivables and facilitating our warehouse, residual and other financing facilities.
spread account — An account required by the credit enhancer of a securitization or warehouse credit facility in or- der to protect the credit enhancer against credit losses. Generally, excess spread cash flow from the pool of automobile contracts is credited to the account and retained until the account balance reaches a set maximum balance. If the maxi- mum balance set forth under the terms of a particular securitization or warehouse credit facility is attained, the excess spread cash flows and any surplus in the spread account are returned to us, our residual lenders or the purchaser of a residual interest, as the case may be. The maximum balance in a particular securitization may increase or decrease over time, and also may never be attained in any particular securitization or warehouse credit facility. Any remaining spread account balance is released to us, our residual lenders or the purchaser of a residual interest, as the case may be, upon termination of the securitization or warehouse credit facility.
warehousing — A method in which automobile contracts are financed by financial institutions on a short-term ba- sis. In a warehousing arrangement, which we also refer to as a “warehouse credit facility”, automobile contracts are accumulated or pooled on a daily or less frequent basis and assigned or pledged as collateral for short-term borrowings until they are financed in a securitization.