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BUSCHING-KAPOCHUNAS FINAL

2/4/2009 1:59:19 AM

2008]

TIMOTHY’S LAW

609

productivity, and utilization concerns.

The Prevalence of Mental Illnesses and Disabilities

According to the Surgeon General, “twenty-eight to thirty percent of adults, and over twenty percent of children and adolescents, have a

diagnosable

mental

or

addictive

disorder

in

any

given

year.”44

In

addition, common rates for

some employers have discerned that mental disorders are among their employees, with Westinghouse having reported severe depression to be seventeen percent for women and nine

percent percent

for of

men, and Wells Fargo Bank employees responding to

learning that thirty a survey were

to thirty-five experiencing

symptoms of Robert Wood

depression.45

According

to

Johnson Foundation, fifty-five

a study conducted percent of privately

by the insured

individuals claimed they did not of concerns regarding the cost of

seek mental health such health care. 46

care

mainly

because

“Of the ten leading causes of disability world-wide, five are psychiatric conditions: unipolar depression, alcohol use, bipolar affective disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.”47 The rate of effectiveness for treatment of these conditions ranges from sixty to eighty percent.48 In addition, it has been estimated that, of a physician’s standard caseload, between fifty and seventy percent of the patients suffer from “medical ailment [that] are significantly related to psychological factors.”49 This being the case, some believe that the use of medical services, and in turn the cost for such use, would be reduced if mental health care were made available to these patients.50

44. Equal Mental Health Benefits, supra note 34 (citing U.S. DEPT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVS., MENTAL HEALTH: A REPORT OF THE SURGEON GENERAL 408-09 (1999) [hereinafter

MENTAL

HEALTH

REPORT],

available

at

http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/mentalhealth/toc.html).

  • 45.

    Id.

  • 46.

    Id.

47. Id. (citing PHYLLIS GABRIEL & MARJO-RIITTA LIIMATAINEN, MENTAL HEALTH IN THE WORKPLACE: INTRODUCTION EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES 1, 17 (2000)).

48.

Id. (citing NATL ADVISORY MENTAL HEALTH COUNCIL, HEALTH CARE REFORM FOR

AMERICANS WITH SEVERE MENTAL ILLNESSES: REPORT OF THE NATL ADVISORY MENTAL HEALTH COUNCIL (1993); Press Release, Judge David L. Bazelon Center for Mental Health,

Policymakers’ Fact Sheet on the Mental Health System www.bazelon.org/takeaction/legislation/campaign2000factsheet.pdf). 49. Id.

(2000),

available

at

50. Id. (citing Gary R. VandenBos & Patrick H. DeLeon, The Use of Psychotherapy to Improve Physical Health, 25 PSYCHOTHERAPY 335, 336 (1988)). See also MKTG. DEPT PRACTICE

DIRECTORATE, AM. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSN, MEDICAL http://www.apa.org/practice/offset3.html (last visited July 14, 2008).

COST

OFFSET,

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