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E. Belcher Hyde Company, Atlas of the Borough of the Bronx, 23rd Ward, City of New York (Brooklyn: E. Belcher Hyde Company, 1907, updated to 1969). 116


“Shopping Suggestions,” New York Times, January 19, 1973, p. 30.


New York City Certificate of Occupancy No. 52049. This Certificate dates from March of 1979.

119 “A Bronx Antiques Row Brings Hope for Renewal,” New York Times, December 29, 1996, p. R1; “With Lofts Scarce, the Bronx Beckons and Artists Notice,” New York Times, July 28, 2002, p. CY6; “Artists Canvassing for Space,” New York Times, October 13, 2002, p. K1.

120 This section draws upon The Works: The Industrial Architecture of the United States; and William H. Pierson, Jr., American Buildings and Their Architects: Technology and the Picturesque; the Corporate and Early Gothic Styles (Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Books, 1980), pp. 22-90.


The Works, p. 202.

122 In some cases, the factory took the form of a K, as at the Joseph Loth & Company Silk Ribbon Mill (Hugo Kafka, 1885-86), which is a Designated New York City Landmark. See LPC, Joseph Loth & Company Silk Ribbon Mill (LP-1860) (New York: City of New York, 1993), prepared by Betsy Bradley.

123 On this point, in addition to The Works, p. 179, see Brigitte Cook, “Preserving Design Objectives Found in In- dustrial Architecture of Mott Haven” (Unpublished Columbia University class paper, c.2004), p. 3.


The Works, p. 60.


The Works, p. 162.


The Works, p. 234.


The Works, p. 234.

128 Among these are 171-79 Columbus Avenue (Thom & Wilson, 1885-87); 200-208 Columbus Avenue (Thom & Wilson, 1886-87); 201-207 Columbus Avenue (Hubert & Pirsson, 1886-87); 220-228 Columbus Avenue (Thom & Wilson, 1885-86); 221-223 Columbus Avenue (Arthur Donovan Pickering, 1887-90); 230-238 Columbus Avenue (Thom & Wilson, 1885-86); 270-276 Columbus Avenue (Thom & Wilson, 1884-85); 286-294 Columbus Avenue (Thom & Wilson, 1886-87); and 301-303 Columbus Avenue (Gilbert A. Schellenger, 1890-91). For more informa- tion on these buildings, see Upper West Side/Central Park West Historic District Designation Report.

129 The 35% figure comes from Laura Buchner, “Ornamental Terra Cotta Along the Harlem River” (Unpublished Columbia University class paper, c.2004), p. 3. See also Susan Tunick, Terra Cotta Skyline: New York’s Architec- tural Ornament (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1997), p. 17.

130 Perth Amboy Terra-Cotta Company, Catalogue and Price List (New York: 1885), Plate VIII, cited in “Ornamen- tal Terra Cotta Along the Harlem River,” p. 6.

131 For example, King’s Handbook of New York City (Boston: Moses King, 1893) contained a large section, span- ning pp. 913-984, devoted to “notable manufacturers” that included many illustrations of factory complexes.

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