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In 1885, Ogden welcomed his son, Samuel B. Ogden (c.1865-1925) into his firm, and changed its name

to A.B. Ogden & Son.67 By that point, Alfred had built Ogden’s firm designed dozens of apartment, tenement, Manhattan—including the Upper East and Upper West sive development with the recent extension of New

up a booming practice. Between 1884 and 1886 alone, and flats buildings, many of them for the vast areas of Sides, and Harlem—that had been opened up to inten-









buildings were unpretentious, such as a group west corner of First Avenue and 92nd Street, at

of four, five-story tenements constructed in a total cost of about $50,000.69 While most

1885 at the south- of their mid-1880s

residential buildings fell rious buildings, such as Fourth Avenue. 70

into the modest $10,000 to $25,000 range, the a now-demolished, six-story apartment house

firm did design a on the north side

handful of 86th

of more luxu- Street, east of

While multiple dwellings—particularly, fairly inexpensive ones—represented the firm’s bread and but- ter during these years, the Ogdens had gained considerable experience by the mid-1880s in designing buildings of diverse types, including rowhouses; stables; a store-and-lofts building with neo-Grec elements at 274 Canal Street (1883, within the Tribeca East Historic District); and industrial buildings, including a silk-finishing mill on the north side of 91st Street, east of First Avenue.71 Among the firm’s most ambitious industrial designs was one for what the Real Estate Record and Builders’ Guide called “an immense abattoir and refrigerator,” since demolished, which covered the entire block east of First Avenue, between 45th and 46th Streets. 72

A.B. Ogden & Son designed numerous rowhouses and multiple dwellings that remain today within the Carnegie Hill, Upper West Side/Central Park West, Mount Morris Park, and Greenwich Village Historic Dis- tricts, and within the Hamilton Heights/Sugar Hill Historic Districts. The firm was experienced in designing housing in a variety of period styles; its work within the Upper East Side and Upper West Side districts con- sists primarily of rowhouses and flats buildings built between the early 1880s and early 1890s in the neo-Grec, Queen Anne, and Renaissance Revival styles, with some incorporating Romanesque Revival elements. The Renaissance Revival- and Classical Revival-style rowhouses in the Hamilton Heights/Sugar Hill districts— which were completed in 1894 and 1895, toward the end of Alfred’s life—are among the Ogdens’ most finely detailed residential work.

After Alfred died on Christmas Day of 1895, the firm’s name changed to S.B. Ogden & Company, and in 1899 or 1900, Ogden’s office moved to a new three-story, neo-Renaissance-style commercial building at 954 Lexington Avenue (within the Upper East Side Historic District) that his firm had designed. During the first decade of the twentieth century, Ogden’s firm designed a diverse array of buildings, including stables, factories, tenements, flats, and warehouses. Among its most notable works were a twelve-story residential b u i l d i n g c o m p l e t e d c . 1 9 0 5 a t 1 2 5 R i v e r s i d e D r i v e , a n d t h e s t a t e l y , n e o - R e n a i s s a n c e s t y l e , e l e v e n - s t o r y A l b a H o t e l a t 2 0 3 W e s t 5 4 t h S t r e e t . 73

By 1900, Samuel B. Ogden had started a family of his own, and was living at 186 MacDonough Street

in Brooklyn. He appears to have closed his architectural firm, and left the practice, in 1909 or 1910.74

As a

Brooklyn resident, Ogden had at least one commission within that borough, a four-story apartment house with austere Classical detailing completed in 1907 at 886 Union Street that stands today within the Park Slope His- toric District. Samuel B. Ogden died on September 26, 1925.

The Estey Piano Company and Its Factory75

The Estey Piano Company had its roots in the firm of Manner & Company, which manufactured pianos on the Bowery between 1866 and 1869. Manner called his piano the “Arion,” and in 1870, his firm’s name changed to the Arion Piano-Forte Company. In 1872, the company’s factory moved to 149th Street, in what is now the Bronx. John Boulton Simpson, who had been Arion’s secretary since 1871, took control of the com- pany in 1875; in that year, the company apparently moved to a new factory on St. Ann’s Avenue and boasted

that “Six years ago, there were none of our pianos in existence; to-day, there are over 7,500 in use.”76

In the

following year, the firm’s name changed to Simpson & Company, although it also continued to be known by

the Arion name.77 B y t h e e n d o f t h e 1 8 7 0 s , S i m p s o n s f a c t o r y s t r e t c h i n g f r o m B r o o k t o S t . A n n s A v e n u e s o n t h e n o r t h s i d e o f 1 4 9 t h S t r e e t w a s p r o b a b l y t h e l a r g e s t p i a n o f a c t o r y i n t h e A n n e x e d D i s t r i c t , b u t i n 1 8 8 0 , it was sold to another piano maker, the William E. Wheelock Company. 78

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