1.Evaluating training effectiveness
attempts to measure changes in knowledge,
skills or attitude before a trainee returns to the job
refers to the impact of training on job performance
and how learning is transferred back into the workplace
attempts to assess the impact of training on departmental or organizational performance in terms of overall results
Kirkpatrick (1994) and Warr et al (1976) recognize, that the cause-effect chain is often difficult to demonstrate, especially with regard to ultimate level evaluations.