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Calixtlahuaca: A Brief Guide to the Site - page 7 / 16

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expansion of the Mexica Empire. Although the buildings at Calixtlahuaca closely resemble examples from the imperial capitals and other cities of the Basin of Mexico, their organization and layout differ greatly from other Aztec cities. Instead of being concentrated in an urban epicenter, these structures are scattered throughout the city with little clear indication of a central plan.

LIST OF FIGURES

  • 1.

    The toponym (place-name glyph) of Calixtlahuaca from the Codex Mendoza.

  • 2.

    Map and air photo of the Calixtlahuaca archaeological zone.

  • 3.

    Locations of major buildings.

  • 4.

    structure 3, the Ehecatl temple.

  • 5.

    Construction stages of structure 3.

  • 6.

    Ehecatl sculpture from structure 3.

  • 7.

    Sacrificial altar from structure 3.

  • 8.

    Drawing of Group B (structures 4, 7, and 20).

  • 9.

    Group C. The restored structure 5 is at right.

  • 10.

    Structure 5 of Group C.

  • 11.

    Sculpture of Coatlicue recovered on top of Cerro Tenismo.

  • 12.

    Structure 17, the royal palace.

  • 13.

    Secondary burials with notched bones and ceramic vessels.

  • 14.

    Ceramic vessels from burial offerings.

  • 15.

    Bronze bells from burial offerings.

  • 16.

    Remains of a stone terrace wall.

  • 17.

    Excavator José García Payón visiting Calixtlahuaca several decades after his fieldwork at the site.

TO READ MORE:

Codex Mendoza (1992) The Codex Mendoza, Edited by Frances F. Berdan and Patricia R. Anawalt. 4 vols. University of California Press, Berkeley.

García Castro, René (1999) Indios, territorio y poder en la provincia matlatzinca: la negociación del espacio político de los pueblos otomianos, siglos XV-XII. CIESAS, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, and El Colegio Mexiquense, Mexico City and Toluca.

García Castro, René (2000) Los grupos indígenas del valle de Toluca. Arqueología Mexicana 8(43):50-55.

García Payón, José (1936) La zona arqueológica de Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca y los matlatzincas: etnología y arqueología (primera parte). Talleres Gráficas de la Nación, Mexico City.

García Payón, José (1941a) La cerámica del Valle de Toluca. Revista Mexicana de Estudios Antropológicos 5:209-238.

García Payón, José (1941b) Manera de disponer de los muertos entre los matlatzincas del Valle de Toluca. Revista Mexicana de Estudios Antropológicos 5:64-78.

García Payón, José (1947) Los monumentos arqueológicos de Malinalco. Gobierno del Estado de México, Mexico City.

García Payón, José (1961) Una cabecita de barro de extraña fisinomía. Boletín del INAH 6:1-2.

García Payón, José (1979) La zona arqueológica de Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca y los matlatzincas: etnología y arqueología (textos de la segunda parte), edited by Wanda Tommasi de Magrelli and Leonardo Manrique Castañeda. Biblioteca Enciclopédica del Estado de México vol. 30. Estado de México, Toluca.

García Payón, José (1981) La zona arqueológica de Tecaxic-Calixtlahuaca y los matlatzincas: etnología y arqueología (tablas, planos e ilustraciones de la segunda parte), edited by Leonardo Manrique Castañeda. Biblioteca Enciclopédica del Estado de México vol. 31. Estado de México, Toluca.

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