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A Global Response to Elder Abuse - page 136 / 149





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Question 3: is question is considered to be rather vague, as it is not clear what aspect of elder abuse it focuses on. ere is a need to explain what “basic daily needs” are. e question has a negative connota- tion, which might put off some older people and force them to deny a potential abuse. Furthermore, this question would be dif- ficult to translate into Mandarin because there is no direct word for “depend”.

Some suggestions to rephrase this question included the following:

“Are there disagreements between you and the caregiver?”

“Do you usually need someone to help you with basic daily needs?”

“Who do you depend on most of the time for help with your basic daily living?”

“Are you independent? Or do you need help in basic activities of daily living (ADL)?”

Question 4: is question is essential. Examples should be provided to make it clearer. Too many different aspects are included in this question. Only one fo- cused question should be asked, otherwise it might be confusing. For instance, what is “adequate living space”? How does one define “adequate”? Does “space” refer to the older person’s bedroom or to the whole house?

Needed things should be assessed separate- ly, as some are essentials and some are not.


Question 5: is question is long and complex. However, it is a good and direct question, and an important one to use when asking about physical abuse. It was thought that “scolding” was a better word than “yelling”, as some older people have difficulty with hearing. ere is a need to ask about one emotion at a time (“sad, shameful, fearful, anxious and unhappy”).

  • e second part of the question (asking

about frequency) can be omitted.

Some suggestions to rephrase this question included the following:

“Has anyone close to you upset you by yell- ing at you or scolding you?”

“Has anyone ever shouted at you or said things that hurt your feelings?”

“Has your family or anyone at home shout- ed at you or scolded you or talked about you in a way that upset you for a long time?” If clarification is needed, ask “make you feel very sad, worried, fearful, ashamed, useless and unhappy”.

“Has anyone close to you unfairly yelled at you, or talked to you, or made you feel especially sad, shamed, fearful, worried or unhappy in a way that upset you for a long time?”

“Has anyone close to you yelled at you or been unkind to you?”

Question 8: is was considered a very good question that was relevant and simple.

  • e second part is not required. Some

examples for better understanding by an older person (e.g. property, objects, money, possessions, etc.) should be included.

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