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A Global Response to Elder Abuse - page 143 / 149

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PAGE 128

Question 2: e words used in this ques- tion were regarded as clear, but to simplify the question it was suggested to replace “prevented” with “impeded”. Acts of omis- sion and commission should not be put together in one item. e combination of different circumstances (social isolation and access to basic needs) complicated the question.

  • e second part of the question (“Has this

happened more than once?”) caused some debate, as “more than once” was not consid- ered concrete enough.

Question 3: e participants felt that this question was essential in order to reveal psychological abuse. Asking about the fre- quency of occurrence was considered quite important in this question; the second part of the question should, therefore, be retained. e question as a whole seemed vague, as the group of people to whom the question referred (e.g. close people, neigh- bours, strangers) should be specified.

In order to shorten the question, a number of suggestions for rewording were made:

“Have you felt annoyed because someone treated you in a way?”

“Has anyone made you feel embarrassed or threatened?”

“Has anyone treated you in a way that made you feel embarrassed or threatened?”

“Did anyone treat you in a way that made you feel embarrassed or threatened?”

Question 4: is question was understood well and regarded as very important, espe- cially when taking into account the high frequency of economic abuse among older people. As with other questions, the second part (“Has this happened more than once?”) could be omitted.

Question 5: According to the participants, this question had the highest relevance because it asks about physical and sexual abuse. However, the phrase “touched you in ways that you did not want” could cause discomfort and embarrass both the older person and the physician. Others com- mented that the question comprised too many different issues, such as threat, physi- cal harm, sexual abuse and feeling fright- ened. erefore, it could be useful to divide the question into two parts. One part could ask about physical abuse and the other about sexual aspects of abuse.

  • e following alternatives were suggested:

“Has anyone threatened, frightened or harmed you physically?”

“Has anyone touched you in a way you didn’t like? Has anyone harmed you physi- cally?”

“Have you felt physically or sexually threat- ened on any occasion?”

A number of alternatives comprised the explicit inclusion of sexual abuse:

“Has anyone harmed you physically? Has anyone tried to sexually abuse you?”

“Have you felt physically or sexually threat- ened on any occasion?”

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