A GLOBAL RESPONSE TO ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT
3.3 Implications of the results for the EASI tool
e country coordinators presented the fo-
cus group findings at a meeting where rec- ommendations and conclusions were dis- cussed. Two researchers from the Montreal team also participated in the meeting.
At this meeting, the set of 12 questions was compared with the original EASI24 (5 questions for the patient and 1 question for the physician). Based on their study results
for the 12 questions, the group agreed that the EASI was a good and simple tool that covers all the important abuse categories. Its wording is appropriate for cultural and geographical contexts other than Canada. Question 1 of the EASI is a way of asking older people if they need help and to intro- duce potential situations of risk. Question 2 enquires about whether any kind of de- privation is taking place. Question 3 covers psychological and verbal abuse. Question 4 is about financial abuse. Question 5 tackles physical and sexual abuse. Question 6a is an observer question and Question 6b is a question about privacy and honesty and is only for research purposes.
e country findings of the WHO-CIG
study indicate that in most focus group dis- cussions, the same questions were chosen as most relevant. e following questions correspond to each other between the two sets of questions:
Question 2 (EASI):
2. Has anyone prevented you from get- ting food, clothes, medication, glasses, hearing aids or medical care, or from be- ing with people you wanted to be with?
and Question 4 (WHO-CIG focus group questions25):
4. Has anyone prevented you from having needed things such as food, medication, clothing, adequate living space, or health aids such as eyeglasses, hearing aids, etc.?
Question 3 (EASI):
3. Have you been upset because someone talked to you in a way that made you feel shamed or threatened?
and Question 5 (WHO-CIG focus group questions):
5. Has anyone close to you unfairly yelled at you, or talked to you in ways that you did not like, or made you feel especially sad, shamed, fearful, anxious, or un- happy – in a way that left you upset for a long time?
See pp. 24-25.
See also Annex 1.