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The Greatest Show on EarthIndian Nations Council

3. Break up charcoal into small pieces. (Put charcoal into a bag and break it with a hammer) Then pour the broken charcoal into a strainer and was it with water.

4. Put one layer of charcoal into the jar on top of the pebbles, about 1/2 inch deep.

5. Make a funnel by rolling a piece of stiff paper. Put the funnel into the bottle and pour the potting soil through it. The funnel keeps the sides of your bottle from getting dirty. You will need about 2 inches of soil.

6. To plant your plants, don't plant them to close, remember t hat the plants will grow and fill up the space. Make holes in the soil for the plants. Gently lower the plants into the jar and set them into their holes. Pat the soil down firmly around the base of each plant.

7. Add a small decoration to your jar, such as a shell or piece of driftwood.

8. Water the garden. It should be moist but not soaked. Put on the lid. As long as the lid is on your garden will need only a little water every month or so.

9. Water your garden LIGHTLY. If the glass fogs up with water, your bottle garden has been watered too much. If this happens, take the lid off for a couple of days to let it dry out.

10. Put your garden where it gets light, but don't set it in direct sunlight. ENJOY!

How Plants Grow

Nature has given plants a powerful will to grow, and all you have to do is assist her by supplying their basic needs -moisture, light, air, food and space.  Here are some growing experiments to help you understand the growing process more clearly.

Germination

Seeds need moisture and warmth to germinate. To watch them grow, line the inside of a glass jar with a piece of wet blotting paper.  Between the blotter and the glass, place birdseed, radish or grass seed that has been soaked overnight in warm water.  Put an inch of water in the bottom of the jar so the blotter will stay moist.  Watch for the seeds to develop roots and tiny leaves in a few days. To show the effect of warmth, prepare two identical glasses and set one in the refrigerator.

Root Growth

To show how strong is the instinct of plants to grow with their roots downward seeking a supply of moisture, put a cover on the jar with the sprouted seedlings and turn it upside down. In a day or so the roots will turn downward toward the supply of water.

Stem Growth

Stems grow upwards with equal force, seeking air and light. To observe a plant as it twists its way toward the light, make an obstacle box from a one-pound cracker box or shoe box. Cut a window about 2" x 3" near the top.  Cut two pieces of cardboard as wide as the box and tape them to the sides.  Bend them down, leaving a small space.  At the bottom, set a small pot with a bean seedling growing in it.

Need Of Water

To trace water through plant tissues, make a fresh cut at the bottom of a carrot and piece of celery.  Soak for a while in water then place in a fairly concentrated solution of red ink or dye.  After a few hours, cut the carrot from top to bottom and cut across the celery stalks.

In the celery, you will find color even in the veins of the leaves. Bi-colored carnations, sometimes seen at the florists, are made by splitting the stem partway and putting each half in a different color. Try this with other white flowers, if available.

To see for yourself the way plants drink water through their stalks, and where the water goes, tint a white flower.  Fill glasses halfway with water and enough food coloring to tint the water a bright color.  Add a white carnation or a white daisy. Watch the flower turn green, yellow,

Page XBugs, Bark, Birds, and Boys

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