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The GPS method used was very efficient. It allowed for an almost constant reading of co- ordinates of high precision. Marking the pegs thus became a question of following instrument indications through the bush. There are two limitations to this method:

  • 4.

    Severe wear and tear on the sensitive instruments due to high temperature, humidity and rain; and

  • 5.

    The mundane job of cutting a path through the bush and clearing enough tree-cover to allow a constant satellite reading.

The first set of obstacles is a logistical problem of backup equipment and repair kits, the second problem could be avoided by doing road clearings at the same time as the surveying. Apparently a bulldozer could be navigated by GPS to clear the road along a pre-set path, at the same time surveyors could peg out the stands along the way. Also the bulldozer could transport the marker stones. This method would shorten the time needed for an area the size of the demonstration project down to a few days.


The pegging of lots according to the Praia Velha Detailed Plan layout is completed. The representatives of the local institutions, such as INPF, co-operated in pegging, contributed to it’s success and approved the work done. The results have been presented at a Steering Committee meeting and have been approved of.

There, however, remain a number of conceptional questions as were also raised at a subsequent meeting of the association “Amigos de Praia Velha”. Foremost among these is the current legal status of the plots including title rights. Further questions of implementation of infrastructure are still pending and should be tackled as the crucial issues of the further implementation process.

7.2 Bankable Projects - Definition and Selection

One of the tasks to be undertaken and the expected Outputs within the framework of the EAF/5 Second Phase in Xai-Xai, Mozambique, is the preparation of several Bankable Projects. Since the Bankable Project is not a generally known category of projects, it may be defined as a document aiming to attract attention of donors or investors for funding of a particular project, which is part of the ICAM implementation process. In principal, the selected Bankable Projects are expected to fulfil the following criteria:

  • To be evaluated by the state and local authorities, and stakeholders in a wider sense, as one of priorities to be resolved within the frame of other development problems of a particular area;

  • To have a marked environmental component, i.e. to fit up with sustainable development framework; and

  • To provide real chances for the reimbursement of financial means obtained for Projects’ realisation, so as to be evaluated as acceptable for providing financial support by investors, i.e. financing institutions.

7.2.1 Contents of Bankable Projects In order to fulfil the above-mentioned criteria, the Bankable Project should:

  • 1.

    Explain the importance, range and time frame of Bankable Project’s realisation within the entire development of a particular area;

  • 2.

    Provide technical explanation for the Project including information about its contents, extent and envisaged technical solutions;

  • 3.

    Provide explanation for Project’s goals and its contribution to resolving ICAM problems of a particular area, i.e., determine benefits and risks to be expected;

  • 4.

    Provide explanation for environmental and sustainability component of the Project;


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