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FAO-PAP/RAC-MICOA

ANNEXES - Xai-Xai IDP

3.

Pietermariztburg, Headquarters of Kwazulu Natal Parks Board – environmental protection and tourism development strategy;

  • 4.

    Hluhlue-Umfolozi Natural Reserve – nature reserve operation; and

  • 5.

    Saint Lucia town in the northern Kwazulu Natal:

  • Natal Parks Board and town – town

environmentally sensitive area; and

and

tourism

development

in

  • DukuDuku Community Development – integration of local population

community development. Study Tour Summary

in

In their summaries of the study tour, the participants judged the study tour as a very useful introduction to their work on Integrated Development Plan for Xai-Xai to Chongoene Beach. The following conclusions and recommendations based on these summaries illustrate best the main benefits of the study tour:

  • The existing examples of tourism development and management are the best and most convincing way of acquiring the necessary knowledge required for the work of experts on the Xai-Xai Plan;

  • Sustainable development of tourism is possible in the fragile environment of coastal dunes, if properly planned and implemented;

  • Nature protection and conservation is the basic resource for tourism development. Also, tourism could provide most of the revenues to be used for nature protection;

  • Integration of local communities within the process of tourism development should be given priority in order to maximise the benefits and avoid the negative impacts as much as possible;

  • To achieve the best results in tourism development a high level of co-operation is required between the government institutions and private entrepreneurs;

  • In tourism development, the role of government is of primary importance to secure a proper development by providing adequate plans, infrastructure facilities and other public services;

  • The value of land intended for tourism development and its natural assets should be better estimated in the case of Xai-Xai. Land concessions should be awarded to investors in a more selective way; and

  • There is a need for a better and more organised co-operation with the RSA institutions (government and private) the majority of investors and visitors are coming from.

    • 1.2

      On-the-job Training

      • 1.2.1

        General Aim of the Training

One of the overall goals of Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) is to provide a mechanism for capacity building. The Xai-Xai District Coastal Area Management Strategy (1998) identifies a lack of technical human resources for an efficient control and management of natural resources and environment at the Xai-Xai district level.

Moreover, the threats that have been identified in the above-mentioned document are mostly related to the existing institutional and management aspects. The problems which should be eliminated first are as follows:

  • Lack of adequate development plans and projects;

Lack of control population; and

over

exploitation

of

natural

resources

by

tourists

and

local

157

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