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  • Lack and overlapping responsibilities and competencies of local authorities in the

management of coastal issues.

The goal of the training programme was thus to train the national experts and create a team of planners and other experts who would be able to implement the principle of a sustainable tourism development in sites proposed within the Tourism Master Plan. This would ensure a planned and not haphazard development of tourism which should be fully integrated into the local environment and would enable the local team to recognise the growing demand for tourism development.

1.2.2 General Method of Training

Throughout the three joint working sessions of national and international experts working team in Xai-Xai Beach, an interactive participatory learning process was followed. That entailed practical on-the-job exercises which provided experience for national experts, and attainment of a comprehensive information basis on which the process towards a holistic approach to coastal resource management should be developed. The process necessitated the joint work of national and international experts at the site and minimisation of separate work. The process consisted of formal meetings, informal discussions, completion of particular tasks and evaluations, and site visits.

During the three working sessions, the national experts were trained on elaboration of the physical plan, the preliminary infrastructure projects, and presentation and implementation of demonstration activities. The basic components of those activities were as follows:

  • Assessment of the existing development;

  • Carrying capacity assessment;

  • Suitability analysis development;

  • Drafting of development programme and development strategy;

  • Drafting of land-use plan;

  • Setting of transportation network;

  • Designing of water supply network;

  • Outlining of drainage and liquid waste treatment and disposal;

  • Integration of the basic planning components into a coherent plan; and

  • Drafting of implementation framework.

The national experts were also involved in presentation of the work done during those two weeks to the relevant authorities and interested parties. That was an excellent occasion for gaining experience in presentation of skills, both verbal and graphic.

Besides on-the-job training a significant effort was made within the working groups to integrate the sectoral inputs within a consistent planning document. That integration was achieved and demonstrated in the frame of a continuos integrative work of the various working groups and through the plenary meetings of the whole joint working team.

1.2.3 Training in Sectoral Skills Training of Physical Planners

The general goal of physical planners training was to enable them to draft an integrated development plan since they should be able to guide the process and to co-ordinate the inputs from the different fields of expertise.

The other goal was to enable the physical planners to effectively manage the future tourism development in line with the principles and guidelines of the integrated development plan. Specific issues tackled during the training were as follows:

  • The need for planning, and the difference between a good plan and a registered



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