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The project also proposes a long-term investment for programmes to promote capacity building and activities that operationalize ICAM as a routine practice in national institutions. This may include:

  • Establishing a process to sustain political commitment to the ICAM process at the national level;

  • Strengthening co-ordination and implementation of local, regional and national projects in institutions at all levels;

  • Updating policies and legislation; and

  • Strengthening the role of governments as the facilitator.

1.1 EAF/5 - II Objectives

The general objective to be achieved under this project is to provide support to national institutions in implementing the activities that establish a process of ICAM as a major tool for sustainable development of the national coastal areas in participating countries.

The main objectives to be supported under this project are:

  • To develop in collaboration with other UN agencies and Multilateral or Bilateral donors, national self-reliance in all matters related to integrated development and management of the environment of the coastal areas;

  • To strengthen the capacity of national and local institutions and experts to implement the ICAM process by helping them to prepare country specific ICAM strategies; and

  • To develop management tools, which will help major stakeholders in the region to implement all the tasks, envisaged within the framework of ICAM strategies.

The specific objectives of the project are:

  • To identify major issues and problems of coastal development, prioritise them, and to prepare the most appropriate framework to solve these problems;

  • To propose the institutional framework, which will best answer the needs to institutionalise the ICAM process in the participating countries;

  • To develop proposals for the regional and international co-operation in ICAM utilising the best available knowledge on the issues; and

  • To transfer "the technical ability" on the selected prioritised subjects related to ICAM and sustainable development issues through a training programme made suitable to the actual needs of the local and national experts.

Within the framework of the signed MOU between FAO and PAP/RAC, the preparation of a Workplan has been envisaged particularly targeting the common and country specific ICAM programme for activities which, among others, recognise the need for an incremental learning- based approach. This Workplan is based on three main tasks mutually interlinked and continuous in time: (a) pilot training tasks; (b) planning tasks; and (c) implementation task.

1.2 EAF/5 - II in Mozambique

Within the framework of the signed MOU between FAO and PAP/RAC, the overall objective in Mozambique is to create a framework for the development of an effective ICAM planning and implementation process in the Xai-Xai district. The framework provides efficient instruments for guiding coastal protection and future development. Activities in Mozambique have been undertaken in the co-operation with the Ministry for Co-ordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA), in particular with its Coastal Zone Management Department.


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