INTRODUCTION – Xai-Xai IDP
The Master Plan for Coastal Tourism Development in Mozambique
The Master Plan for Coastal Tourism Development in Mozambique, sponsored by the European Union and executed by the Danish consultants (DanGroup) and the Mozambican Ministry for Industry, Commerce and Tourism, as an umbrella plan for all tourism development in coastal Mozambique, evaluated the Xai-Xai ICAM Strategy and in response formulated its planning proposal for the Xai-Xai area as follows:
The Master Plan accepted in total the proposals for tourism development as suggested in the Xai-Xai ICAM Management Strategy. Following that, the Xai-Xai ICAM Strategy Framework and relevant maps indicating tourism development areas were adopted and presented as official documents of the Master Plan.
Moreover, the tentative approach, components, and contents of the Integrated Development Plan presented in the Xai-Xai ICAM Strategy as an initiative to be developed is highly recommended as an example to be implemented in developing sustainable tourism in all other designated areas of coastal Mozambique. The proposal to serve as a pilot or sample project, besides honouring the authors for their integrated and comprehensive methodological approach, demands also high quality standards to be achieved in elaborating this IDP.
In return, the IDP has accepted all the basic stand points and proposals of the Master Plan, particularly regarding tourism supply and demand estimates and, therefore, type of tourism to be developed in the Xai-Xai area. Based on the above mentioned, it can be concluded that the Xai-Xai IDP is in full harmony with the existing umbrella Master Plan for the Coastal Tourism Development in Mozambique.
Natural Coastal Resource Management Project
The natural coastal resources management project sponsored by the European Union is being implemented in the Xai - Xai coastal area by the GTA, a Mozambican NGO, primarily aiming at a sustainable use of coastal resources. Reforestation and protection of the coastal dunes area, sustainable harvest of shellfish in intertidal zone and development of forest and fruit trees plantations, all to benefit the local communities, are the main components of this project.
Although this project is primarily targeting the management of the natural environment and IDP mainly deals with built-up areas, their goals are common in preserving and rehabilitating the most precious natural resources in the area, the dunes belt and its vegetation, the adjacent marine environment including beach rocks and lagoons. Although at different stages, the EU sponsored project in its implementation phase and the IDP in the planning phase, their common interest was found in inventorying the flora within the dunes belt stretching from Chongoene to Praia Velha.
The IDP contribution was in providing the recent and adequate aerial photos and a map, while the GTA team prepared the inventory of the present flora, by identifying species, their occurrence abundance and importance in preserving the dunes environment. Although limited in the scope and management proposals, this study gives a valuable input to the IDP in understanding the natural terrestrial environment in which the built-up structure would be accommodated.