TOURISM DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK – Xai-Xai IDP
According to the UNDP/WTO study performed in 1994, South Africa (75%) and Zimbabwe (25%) dominate the regional market. These markets focus exclusively on beach tourism, fishing and diving. The total potential demand constituted by residents from these two countries was estimated at 1.3 million people per annum.
South Africans are expected to dominate the Mozambican tourism market to the extent of generating as much as 60%, or more, of the total market (inter- and intraregional).
In the absence of statistical information, it is assumed that there are ±10 000 Mozambican households, expatriates included, able to afford vacations in modern holiday facilities – most of which are resident in Maputo. While good beaches can be accessed from Maputo during a weekend, infrastructure and facilities are not always adequate, and Maputo residents therefore frequently voice the demand for good and affordable resort products. The market mix of two beach lodges of reasonable standards near Maputo (Bazaruto and Inhaca) confirms this need by reflecting a 20% local segment.
2.2.3 Tourism in Mozambique Background
Tourism to Mozambique was developing with strong growth rates in the period 1953 to 1973. Mozambique was a preferred beach destination for landlocked countries like Zimbabwe and Malawi and South Africa’s affluent northern regions. The long white beaches, the islands, the warm sea, the people, the angling and boating possibilities and the continental European kitchen was attracting an increasing number of visitors.
By 1973 the 285 listed accommodation establishments received close to 300 000 guests of which approximately half were residents in Portuguese territories. In addition close to 90 000 camping guests were recorded. Of the total arrivals, South Africa contributed ±90 000 at accommodation establishments and 55 000 at campgrounds. The respective figures contributed by Zimbabwe were close to 30 000 and 20 000.
Mozambique’s established and growing tourism industry was totally destructed by the change in the security situation after 1973, except for some tourism on islands outside the coast with very limited links to the mainland.
In the beginning of the nineties, tourism planning was revived and with the Peace Agreement in 1992 the rebuilding of the tourism industry was decided to be a priority. This has, however, taken place at a disappointing tempo. The WTO estimates that the number of bona fide tourists demanding accommodation facilities was only about 2 500 in 1993, excluding the influx of camping tourists from South Africa which is hard to quantify. An indication of the growth in tourist arrivals, projected by the Strategic Planning Framework for Regional Tourism Development using 11 000 arrivals in 1997 as base are 31 000 in year 2000 and 95 000 in the year 20022.
2.2.4 Tourism to Gaza Province
The visitor numbers quoted in the previous section exclude South African tourists making use of camping facilities. Destinations along the Gaza coastline, however, greatly benefit from this market segment due to their relative proximity to the highly populated northern provinces of South Africa. This fact is illustrated by the visitor numbers in Table 3, as supplied by the provincial government of the Gaza province.
source: WTO & SPF