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family beach tourism. This implies the development of a substantial number of complexes, with (partly self-catering) bungalows/lodges. Camping should be allowed, but well controlled and discrete, and noisy beach and water activities discouraged.

Further recommendations contained in the Logical Framework Matrix section of the Strategic Planning Framework, and directly implicating Xai-Xai Beach, include:

  • The establishment of a tourism information centre in Xai-Xai (C2);

  • The elimination of “wild camping” in areas under heavy pressure during peak tourist seasons through the creation of legal camping grounds (A8); and

  • Expanding tourist activity options in Mozambique through the development of river tourism (C6).

2.3.2 Maputo Development Corridor

The Maputo Development Corridor (MDC) is one of the most ambitious and exciting development initiatives undertaken within the Southern African region. Coming at a time of substantial political change and growing co-operation within the region, this initiative has achieved remarkable success (and demonstration impact), through true partnerships in its short history.


In August 1995 at a meeting in Maputo, the respective ministers of transport of Mozambique and South Africa agreed to set in motion a process of re-establish the development axis between Johannesburg (South Africa’s heartland) and the city and port of Maputo. The vision was to rehabilitate the core infrastructure in the corridor (notably road, rail, port and dredging, and border post) through public thereby re-establishing key linkages and opening up inherent un-and under utilised economic development opportunities. Common to both countries was the importance of the initiative to the respective reconstruction and development programmes (specifically to achieving GDP and employment growth targets, increasing local and foreign fixed investment and improving fixed exports). Underlying this vision was the desire to see this initiative contributing to other key policy areas – notably regional economic integration, international competitiveness and a broadening of the ownership base in the economy of the corridor.

Key objectives

  • 1.

    To rehabilitate the core infrastructure along the corridor with minimum impact to the fiscus (road, rail, port, dredging of port and border post);

  • 2.

    To maximise investment in both the inherent potential of the corridor area and in the added opportunities which the infrastructure creation will create;

  • 3.

    To ensure that the development impact of this investment is maximised, particularly to disadvantaged communities. Changing the ownership base; and

  • 4.

    To ensure sustainability by developing policy, strategies and frameworks that encompasses a holistic, participatory and integrated approach to environmental management.

Potential Impact on Xai-Xai Beach and Environs

The Maputo Development Corridor is set to positively impact on Xai-Xai Beach in a number of ways, the most profound of which will be the facilitation of tourist access to the area. This will be accomplished through the improvement of road conditions, the shortening of the distance from northern South Africa by ±34 km and the improvement of the border post to facilitate the convenient passage of tourists bound for the Mozambican coast.

Due to the fact that the road connecting Maputo to Xai-Xai has been identified as a sub corridor to the Maputo Corridor, another area of potential impact is assistance in socio-economic aspects such as policy research and capacity building. The Maputo Corridor Company will


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