3. PHYSICAL PLAN
Objectives and Planning Process
Aim and Study Area
This Physical Plan is a component that forms a part of the Integrated Development Plan (IDP) for Xai-Xai, together with chapters on Tourism Development Framework, Transportation Planning and Roads, Preliminary Infrastructure Projects and Implementation Framework.
The basic aim of this report chapter is to elaborate the framework for the development of the Xai-Xai town coastal area into a major tourist destination. The framework consists of a physical plan that is linked to development strategies. The aspects that are covered in this chapter are:
Summary of existing development, concessions and development proposals;
Development suitability analysis;
Development constraints, potential and threats;
Development concept; and
The study area consists of a ten kilometre strip three kilometres wide along the coast of the Gaza Province and is focussed on Xai-Xai Beach. It extends up to Wenela House in the west and to Chongoene Hotel in the east.
3.1.2 Objectives of the Development Framework
The aim of this process is to protect the sensitive environment whilst creating economic opportunities for the local residents, by stimulating sustainable tourism development and thereby creating employment opportunities and revenue for the local government. The aim of the physical development framework is to define a framework for sustainable development and future investment so as to minimise conflicts between different land uses, and to stimulate the development of strategic areas.
To promote the development of Xai-Xai by providing prospective developers with a framework within which they can assess the opportunities offered;
To guide the development of the area by providing the local authority with a framework within which they can be pro-active in initiating development, and can assess development proposals; and
To ensure the balanced development of the area in terms of facilitating economic development, providing social amenities and preserving the sensitive natural environment.
3.1.3 Planning Process
A strategic but pragmatic planning process was followed. The availability of information and resources as well as the capacity of government officials to implement the plans were taken into account. It consists of a master plan combined with development strategies. Priority areas were identified and the level of detail depends on the priority of an area for development.
The following objectives are strive:
To guide the concessions;