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The planning process consisted of following steps:

  • 1.

    Analysis of the existing state of affairs;

    • Existing development: infrastructure, buildings, facilities, roads, concessions;

    • State of the environment; and

    • Needs and perceptions of the local community. Information was obtained, among others, from the Gaza Province Departments of Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism, Ministry of Public Works and Housing, MICOA provincial department and Municipality Department of Physical Planning. Aerial photographs and on-site observations formed the basis of the evaluation of the physical environment. The needs and perceptions of the community were determined by a social survey in the surrounding villages.

  • 2.

    Determining development potential and constraints The information gathered in the previous phase was used to determine the carrying capacity and development suitability of the land, as well as the needs and tourism potential.

  • 3.

    Drafting of a development concept and structure plan

  • 4.

    Assessing the impact of the development proposals and considering alternatives

  • 5.

    Elaboration of a master plan

The master plan consists of major transport routes, protected areas and the boundaries and land-use proposals of the development cells, as well as the strategies for development and conservation.


Detail planning of priority areas

Some areas which were deemed of high priority within the development framework were designed in detail, some areas to the level of division of stands and development controls were drafted.

    • 3.2

      Description of the Existing Situation

      • 3.2.1

        Existing Development

There are four areas exhibiting distinct characteristics. These areas are discussed from the most western section to the eastern section.

Praia Velha

This area is a largely undeveloped area to the west of Xai-Xai Beach. Approximately 120 concessions of 1000 m in extent have been issued in this area. Three of these properties have been developed. The topography is extremely irregular and the environment very sensitive. No services have been installed but the owners of plots are constructing rudimentary roads.

Praia Velha and Xai-Xai Beach fall within the jurisdiction of the Xai-Xai Municipality. Xai-Xai Beach This area currently consists of three settlements:

  • Xai-Xai Beach: This is an old colonial beach resort consisting of houses, hotels and camping sites that was developed in the 50’s and 60’s. The buildings are of interesting modernist architectural style but is for the most part dilapidated and has fallen into disrepair during the years of war. Some of the houses have been restored and several traditional huts have been erected in between the houses. The infrastructure is in a bad state of disrepair and few social facilities exist. This area is currently made up of approximately 192 houses and 988 inhabitants. Only 50% of houses are being supplied with water and have latrines.


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