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  • The existing settlements should be upgraded. This will be done by means of

densification, installing of services, roads and facilities.

  • Areas for new settlements should pro-actively be identified and developed.


  • The development of agriculture, being essential for subsistence of the local population should be directed towards the area of the longitudinal backset valleys, interior dunes, and in highly fertile Limpopo River valley;

  • Small-scale 'urban agriculture' pockets should also be identified; and

  • Agriculture should be linked to tourism development and thus become commercially orientated over time.


    • Sport fishing is and should remain as one of the main attractions of the Xai-Xai Beach tourist area; and

    • There are favourable but limited conditions for the development of an artisanal fisheries centre in the Limpopo River mouth.

      • 3.6

        Development Structure

      • 3.6.1

        Development Concept

The development concept is a multi-nodal structure that has its main focus on Xai-Xai Beach. The development pattern consists of discreet pockets of development, each with its own character, which forms a focus for tourism development. This creates diversity and addresses the variety of needs in the area. The specific development of each area has been determined by its carrying capacity. The edges of the development cells have been identified and the cells are separated by green open space. The green open space is protected from encroachment by the definition of the development edges and is left for sustainable use. The development cells are linked with a backset vehicular road, a coastal mixed road and pedestrian routes. In this way the beach area is retained for recreational activities and conflicts between different modes of traffic are eliminated. In total there are six distinct tourism development areas along the beachfront, a sports area and two pockets for local villages set back and linked to the main movement system.

3.6.2 Movement System Access routes

The movement system connects all development pockets and it creates a linkage between the two major development nodes: Xai-Xai Beach and Praia de Chongoene. It has also been placed in such a manner so as to do as little harm as possible to the environment.

The movement system consists of a road placed at approximately one to two kilometres inland from the beach. This is closer than previously anticipated in the Xai-Xai District ICAM Strategy report. The previous proposal was to place the road in the valley behind the coastal dunes, three to four kilometres inland from the beach. The reason for this change is twofold: firstly, the initial placing of the road was functionally too far from the existing development. Secondly, the idea was to link existing villages with this road. These villages were either wrongly indicated, or have been moved in the interim as they do not currently exist.

A mixed road, accommodating both vehicular and pedestrian traffic, has been proposed next to the beachfront based on the existing road linking Xai-Xai Beach with Praia de Chongoene. This road is placed behind the foredunes and at the foot of the next dunes. This road will only be accessible for cars in areas where it is protected by the foredunes. In other areas it becomes a pedestrian and emergency transport route. It will be used for temporary access to properties to the east until the construction of the backset road is finalised.


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