Xai-Xai IDP – PHYSICAL PLAN
Development Cell: S
locals will ensure a yearlong use.
The architectural and landscape design should respect topographic characteristics of the site, e.g., avoiding exposure of structures into the landscape.
Expected in the mature phase of resort Development Plan.
3.8.1 Villages and Areas for Local Residents Existing Villages and Residential Areas
As mentioned in chapters before, there are two existing local areas, Macamwine and Chinunguine, accommodating approximately 3,000 inhabitants. These areas are located at the backset of Xai-Xai Beach. Also, there are 1,000 residents in Praia. The satisfaction of basic needs in these areas is limited, especially with regards to health care, education, and infrastructure. There is only one health post located in Praia, which is hampered by lack of equipment and medicine. Education is also pending: means are lacking to satisfy teaching needs of 1,094 students, on the one hand, and education is belittled by parents, on the other. Also, poverty often forces students to abandon their education before level 5. The survey done in these areas, revealed the need for the following:
• • • •
EP1-2 primary schools; Opening of 6 wells in Chinunguine, and 4 in Macamwine; C o n s t r u c t i o n o f 6 0 0 i m p r o v e d l a t r i n e s i n C h i n u n g u i n e , a n d 4 0 0 i n M a c a m w i n e ; a n d
Improvement of paved access roads.
Local residents are poor and only a few benefits are accrued from the exploitation of fishery resources due to the lack of fishing tools to operate in the open sea. Subsistence agriculture is practised causing lower fertility of land. Tourism activities have not yet created much benefit for local communities. The involvement of local communities in the network of services aimed at promoting, organising, welcoming, guiding, and hosting visitors, either national or foreign, with recreational, cultural or leisure activities is weak or almost non-existing. Only 336 persons are currently employed in the tourism industry (see Table 7 below).
Employment of Local Residents in Tourism
Hotels and restaurants Guards and domestic servants Construction Selling of agricultural products Selling of fishing products
Children, on temporary basis, e.g., washing of cars, selling souvenirs, etc.
142 100 30
10 4 50
Weak production of local communities in traditional sectors, such as agriculture and fisheries, is an obstacle to their active participation in tourism activities. Products sold to tourists are of a limited variety and low quality. Many products consumed in tourism industry come from other provinces and countries, e.g., most artisanal products are brought from Maputo.