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Collective utility points should be placed at accessible points to develop over time into important public spaces.

Enablement Strategies

The local residents should also be enabled to improve their own situation and to benefit from tourism development. The following are guidelines for achieving this:

  • Urban land: land prices should be controlled to prevent speculation and the supply of land should be raised. Options to increase access to land for the urban poor are government mediated instruments such as land sharing, land adjustment, resettlement and transfers, cross subsidies (UNHCS, 1991);

  • Land registration: regulation of land-use transactions and property rights. Crucial is better registration: both efficient and simplified;

  • Housing finance: access to ad hoc and small amounts of finance;

  • Cross-subsidisation and subsidising access of the poor to services;

  • Involvement of the local community in service provision and public works through deregulation, artisan training, promotion of local materials, support to small scale contracting, use of small scale private and community enterprises in urban service delivery;

  • Information channels on the advantages, as well as the responsibilities of tourism and the need for environmental protection; and

  • Training and education.

Development of New Areas

Besides rehabilitation of existing areas, several new areas have been identified for the development of settlements for the local population (See Land-use map). The location criteria are as follows:

  • Location of existing villages;

  • Access to major routes;

  • Access to agricultural land;

  • Access to tourism development; and

  • Land not suitable for tourism development.

Detailed plans for these areas should be drawn up on a pro-active basis. 3.8.2 Natural and Green Areas

Strict natural character within the IDP boundaries should be primarily maintained on the protected dune hills belt and beach rocks reef. Green areas incorporate beaches, parks, green belts within development areas, linear, walkways, sportsfields and playgrounds.

The natural areas should accommodate as many roles as possible, such as:

  • Socio-economic needs: recreation, social interaction and income generation;

  • Ecological processes, such as the protection of the natural environment and reversing the current trends of deforestation and erosion, and enhancing of bio- diversity;

  • Providing barriers that contain and manage settlement growth; and

  • Aesthetic needs: reserving the dunes as a vegetated backdrop, and enhancing the visual image and naturally ‘wild’ character of the area.

Important issues to be taken into account with the location of natural areas are:

  • Location should incorporate sensitive natural environments;

  • Quality: sufficiently large to maintain seed banks necessary to preserve floral

species and the breeding stocks necessary to preserve faunal species, and to


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