PHYSICAL PLAN - Xai-Xai IDP
Particular attention should be accorded to restoring the vegetation cover along the protected green belt. In the majority of areas the indigenous vegetation should be restored.
With regards to infrastructure and road construction:
To reserve green belt corridors along all main roads;
All major engineering contracts to be drawn up including environmental control measures as their integral part;
Where possible, all services to be aligned with road reserves as opposed to mid- block in order to minimise destruction of vegetation and soil disturbance;
Contour sewers below erven to be avoided, where possible, and to be aligned with the greatest sympathy for valley vegetation, as appropriate; and a minimum clearing to be undertaken;
In order to avoid run-off erosion over the dune/beachfront, interface stormwater retention should be an integral part of stormwater design. The natural state of swales, watercourses and floodways to be maintained as neatly as possible in accordance with hardened surfaces wherever possible;
Utility structures, such as sub-stations, pump stations and reservoirs, are to be sited sympathetically and screened by berms and vegetation. Materials for the structures to be non-reflective, earth related colours while forms are to be softened where possible; and
Construction vehicular movement and clearing should be restricted to the absolute minimum in order to avoid disturbance of the road verge.
Implementation Framework for Tourist Areas
The process of development of tourist areas has been divided into three phases relating to the stage in which the planning framework should be finalised. No development should be allowed, nor concessions should be issued before a detailed planning for the area has been finalised. The phases are as follows:
Phase 1: It contains the areas in which the detailed planning has been finalised. This is only applicable to Praia Velha Cell T1-1.
Phase 2: These are areas for which concessions have been issued and development has already started. Some detailed planning has been done, but it could not be finalised during this phase. Detailed planning should be completed as a matter of urgency in order to regulate the pressure for development. These areas are: Cell T2 , Cell P3, Cell T4-1 and Cell T5.
Phase 3: This phase includes areas with no immediate pressure for development. The basic development framework for these areas has been completed. Detailed planning has only to be done once the further pressure on development in these areas is existing. These areas are: T1-2, T3, T4-2 and T6.
3.9.2 Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
The development for sites larger than a residential unit or larger than 2,500sqm should be subjected to an EIA based on preliminary development proposals. The EIA should pay particular attention to the following:
Areas of the site to be protected in their natural condition;
Visual impact of buildings;
Rehabilitation of the natural vegetation after construction;