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  • In order to retain the building heritage of Xai-Xai and the general appearance of the existing resort it is recommended that at least the front of the site on the promenade should be developed with a solid facade including modern architectural and colonial elements. It should be characteristic of the intensive urban area around the promenade. Neither face brick, nor wood structures would be allowed.

  • No walls should be erected between the building and the promenade.

Architectural Considerations

The majority of the development in Xai-Xai Praia took place in the colonial period in the sixties. There is ample evidence of the influence of the modern architectural style of that period, particularly on public buildings. It is evident that the work of Le Corbusier and other leading architects of modern style inspired the architecture of these solid concrete structures. The architectural style of the Church, the Belvedere, the Gasoline station and the Post Office is defined with a bold use of concrete elements such as staggered and inclined roof shells, inclined pillars or orthogonal structured openings. The less prestigious public buildings and majority of the residential houses are built in the same style but with dominant simple prismatic volumes, sometimes fractured but well composed and provided with relatively large and irregularly placed openings. The predominantly white faces of the buildings contribute to the pleasant image of these structures in the evergreen landscape of Xai-Xai Beach.

Due to the architectural heritage of Xai-Xai Beach, it is recommended that future architecture follow the above-identified values of the architectural heritage. It is not the intention to suggest the repetition of the modern style, but to reach the same quality values. In order to give some basic guidelines the following is recommended to be applied in future residential housing design:

  • The main structure is preferred to be built of solid material (concrete and concrete blocks);

  • The dominant colour of house facades should be white;

  • The roofs could be flat, shallow inclined (gentle sloping) or combined with preferred neutral colours;

  • Massive single volumes should be avoided;

  • Light structures resembling local rural architecture could be applied in some auxiliary structures, basically detached from the main house, such as porches, shades, etc.;

  • Windows should be defined by a protruding frame;

  • Fences fronting on the street could be developed as semi-transparent structures with a solid low concrete base wall and steel bars in the upper part or as low hedges; and

  • Structures that belong to rural and game reserve areas, e.g. lodges should be avoided and structures that are more common in intensive coastal areas are preferred.


  • A detailed site investigation has to be done for all development cells with a view to preserving maximum vegetation and integrating it into the design;

  • Dense vegetation and slopes should be respected;

  • Areas higher than sixty meters above sea level should not be developed but retained as open space;

  • The indigenous vegetation cover on the building sites, particularly at the edges of lots, along the streets and within the public areas should be preserved as much as possible;

  • Only decorative plants that do not pose a threat to indigenous vegetation should be allowed and only on a limited scale in public areas; and


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