TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND ROADS - Xai-Xai IDP
Praia Xai-Xai is linked to the town of Xai-Xai by means of a typical district road. The distance between these two centres is approximately 10 km. The road is provided with a 6m wide bitumen and stone (chip and spray) surface seal and is in a fair condition. Pedestrians use road shoulders. Informal trading facilities and taxi stops occur next to the road at settlements.
The internal circulation of Praia Xai-Xai is provided from a circle route with several gravel local roads leading from this bitumen sealed road. The circle route is in a bad condition with several potholes and insufficient drainage. A serious slip was occurring on the coastal section of the road, behind which was the old Boy’s Scouts hostel in 1998. The gravel local roads are generally in a very bad state, with sandbanks, potholes and lacking drainage.
The gravel parking area in front of Halley’s Hotel is not properly drained and shaped. This area is used as the local bus terminus. No supporting facilities are provided. The parking area is available at the bottom of the central stairway serving the central beach area.
Public and Private Transport
Most of the movement between the Xai-Xai town and Beach is by private vehicles, belonging to people who work in the town and stay in the beach area. The peak of this movement takes place in the morning and evening.
Buses and converted light goods vehicles provide public transport. Bus transport services are deviations of regional bus services between Maputo and the north. Two buses per day are directly linking Maputo and Xai-Xai Beach. Light goods vehicles (delivery vehicles) with plastic canopies transport passengers (standing if the vehicle is full) between the beach and the town. This service is for local passengers going to town, as well as bringing people from the town to harvest wood in the dune areas. The terminal facilities are located at the entrance to Praia Xai- Xai, where some informal trading is also located.
Walking and cycling were observed as non-motorised modes of transport. Walking is restricted to between scattered villages along the route to town as well as internal circulation. A large number of motorcycles were observed in the town. Only a few animal drawn vehicles were observed along the main roads.
4.2 Transportation System Proposals
The transportation system will, for the foreseeable future, be road based. Routes must open up the area for development as envisaged in the framework and should be conveniently situated to cater for vehicular and non-motorised transport modes.
4.2.1 Network Proposals
The coastal management development framework aims to strike a balance between the protection and preservation of sensitive coastal environments, and development pressure with concomitant access requirements. The land-use and environmental suitability analysis defined the areas that can be opened up for development. The road network proposals are aimed at providing access in a defined hierarchy of routes. The existing layout of Xai-Xai Beach is applied as a pattern to maintain some theme in the development layout, within the constraints of the topography and road standards.
4.2.2 Classification of Roads A four-class system was used in the network evaluation, as described in Table 11 below.