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Yoga Vidya Gurukul  

  Sanskrit Words, Asana Names, Mantras and Devotional Songs related to Yoga

Yoga – Union (original verb Yuj is to join) Yoga is to join Atman (individual consciousness) with Param Atman (universal consciousness)

Yogi / Siddha – One who has reached the state of Union.

Yogini – word used for woman who has reached the state of Union

Swami – One who has mastered himself (body + mind)

Mantra – (Mananat Trayate) One if repeated in mind protects / saves the person

Beeja mantra – Seed syllables, which do not have any literal meaning but create powerful vibrations of energy in mental and pranic body.

Japa – Repetition of mantra

Guru – Dispeller of darkness, who brings light / right knowledge to disciple

Guruvandana – Salutations to the Teacher.

Omkar – Universal sound / mantra.

Yoga Nidra – Yogic Sleep

Sadhaka – Disciple, practitioner or seeker of yoga

Atma –Soul, individual consciousness.

Paramatma – The universal consciousness

Shiva – pure consciousness, Lord Shiva (the master of universe), the destroyer

Shakti – pure energy, Goddess (the energy in the universe)

Vishnu – the operator of the universe, Lord Ram or Lord Krishna are incarnations of Vishnu

Bramha – the creator of the universe

Bramhan – true nature of consciousness

Ganesha – God of wisdom (God represented with elephant head)

Hanuman – The god of strength and intelligence (The monkey God)

Durga – Goddess or Cosmic mother, energy principle, depicted as beautiful goddess with 8 hands, riding on lion, carrying armour.

Kali – primal form of energy (violent form of energy), often depicted as black colored, wearing rosary of skulls, blood dripping from the tongue, having arms and thrashed head in hands.

Tantra – Tan = Tanoti + Tra = Trayati , expansion of mind and liberation of energy

Karma yoga – yoga of selfless action

Bhakti yoga – yoga of devotion

Jnana yoga – yoga of knowledge

Raja Yoga – ashtanga yoga or eight fold path

Hatha Yoga – yoga of balancing body and mind. ‘Ha’ means ‘Pingala Nadi’ or pranic energy on physical level and ‘Tha’ means ‘Ida Nadi’ pranic energy on mental level. Balance of physical and mental energies is Hatha

Kundalini Yoga– Yoga of awakening of Pranic energy (it is in dormant condition and practices of yoga awakens the energy)

Swara Yoga – Yoga of alternate nostril breathing, yoga of Pranic energy science

Nada Yoga – Yoga of sound

Kriya yoga – yoga of various teachniques from Tantra to lead to the higher states of awakening

Ashtanga Yoga: – The eightfold path of yoga.

I. Yama – Social ethics/discipline.

- Ahimsa – Non violence.                 

- Satya – Truth.

- Asteya – Non-stealing / non theft.

- Brahmacharya – Celibacy, sexual abstinence.

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