One of Ruben’s most important students was Anthony Van Dyke:
Virgin and Child with Saint Catherine of Alexandria, Anthony van Dyck, The Metropolitan Museum of Art;
History and Religious Painting
In the absence of wealthy patrons commissioning huge, awe inspiring works, large biblical or historical scenes were produced less frequently in this region than in other countries. Instead Dutch painters strived for an intimacy between picture and viewer. The influence of the Italian painters was profound in these paintings, and in particular the treatment of light inspired by the works of Caravaggio. Ruebens is accredited in helping develop the Baroque altarpiece.
Genre painting and the depiction of everyday themes became popular during this century. One of the most influential examples of these artists is Adriaen Brouwer (1605 or 1606–1638) who typically painted works displaying peasants fighting, gaming and drinking.