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Likewise the influence of Raphael is seen in the work of Michael Coxie;

Adam and Eve, Jan Gossaert, 1525, Web Gallery of Art, Staatliche Museen, Berlin

The influences from Italy grew as the centre of art production was shifted from Bruges to Antwerp. A particular style of Mannerism grew strong in Antwerp: Anterp Mannerism although now heavily influenced by Italian Mannerism maintained a latent Gothic feel, influenced by

Netherlandish paintings from the previous centuries.

Mabuse was not an archetype for all Flemish painters of this period

. Many of his

contemporaries completely ignored the Italian influence, including Hieronymus Bosch whose original works focussed on fantasy and strange symbolism, and Joachim Patenier who is considered the first real landscape painter. In the same respect the influence of Classic Antiquity, prevalent in Italian art was far less pronounced in Early Netherlandish painting up until the 16th century.

Oil Painting

One of the most important aspects of Early Netherlandish art is its role in the introduction of oil painting into the European arts. Contrary to the popular belief, oil painting was not invented by the Flemish painters themselves, a common historical myth which attributes Jan van Eyck as

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