artist of this nature was Bartholomeus Spranger whose painting is characteristic of Late Northern Mannerism.
Bartholomeus Spranger Allégorie de la Justice et de la Prudence R.F. 3955 © Musée du Louvre /
For the majority of mannerist artists in the Netherlands region, Late Mannerism was a phase to be passed through on the way to the Baroque style and few artists stayed painting in this style.
The most celebrated print maker of the day, Hendrik Goltzius only stayed in the movement for five years, under the influence of Bartholomeus Spranger.
One of the reasons for the brief role of Late Mannerism was the flexibility of many Dutch painters to switch between styles, depending on commission or subject: Mannerist paintings were produced at the same time and often by the same artists of the portraits and genre scenes based on local traditions.
One exception to these artists is Joachim Wtewael. Italian Mannerism remained present in Wtewael’s work even after most painters adopted the naturalistic style, making him one of the last Mannerist painters and one of the leaders in the Dutch style. Charachteristics of his style include acidic colours and figures in distorted poses.