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Chapter 5 – Creating a New Government - page 14 / 44

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Checks and Balances

Constitutional Convention

12 states attended some or all of the meetings.

Politicians in Rhode Island were opposed to a stronger government; they chose not to take part in the convention.

James Madison kept a detailed account of the convention in his diary.

Controversial plans

Congress had to find a balance between the large and small states and northern and southern interests.

The Virginia Plan:

Gave more power to states

Bicameral legislature

The number of representatives for each state would be based on population.

Small states objected; came up with new plan.

New Jersey Plan:

Gave more power to national government

Unicameral legislature

Each state would have an equal number of representatives.

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